Download 3 Baruch: Greek-Slavonic Apocalypse of Baruch (Commentaries by Alexander Kulik PDF

By Alexander Kulik

This paintings presents the major to 1 of the main enigmatic Jewish Hellenistic texts preserved in Greek and Slavonic. although three Baruch is likely one of the significant early Jewish apocalypses, it's been quite overlooked in glossy scholarship, most likely due to the fact that three Baruch is likely one of the so much tough works to understand and classify. Its content material differs considerably from that of different writings of an identical style, because the ebook preserves syncretistic principles and traits that are mixed in distinct methods. The worldview, the message, and the very textual constitution of three Baruch are enigmatic in lots of respects. the current research demonstrates that the textual heritage of three Baruch, implicit meanings and structural hyperlinks in its textual content, in addition to conceptions at the back of the textual content, are partially reconstructable. additionally, three Baruch, accurately learn, considerably enriches our figuring out of the historical past of the motifs present in early Jewish lore, now and then delivering lacking hyperlinks among diverse phases in their improvement, and preserves very important proof at the roots of Jewish mysticism, proto-Gnostic and proto-Christian traditions. The research includes the advent, synoptic translation, textual notes, and particular commentaries.

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Extra info for 3 Baruch: Greek-Slavonic Apocalypse of Baruch (Commentaries on Early Jewish Literature)

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T. Levi 5:1 and 6 possibly also referring to Michael). The unique motif of the “alien breath” (2:1G), in its combination with similar cosmographic depictions, may be shared with Hist. Rech. (Apoc. 41 The rich traditions of 1 Enoch provide many important parallels, mainly from the Book of Watchers. Among the most significant is the Enochic etiology of demons (15:3–10), which underlies the implicit demonology of 3 Baruch (2–4). The Builders of 3 Baruch are banished to heaven just as the Watchers (probably their fathers) in the Enochic tradition: Hades is celestial in both compositions (3 Bar.

There are three features of Serpent-Hades found in S but absent from G that are paralleled in the Bible – Serpent “eats earth like grass” (4:3S); God “kindled its heart” (4:7S); “Hades is insatiable” (5:3S). They could either be original or have been interpolated at any stage. Similarly, it is difficult to assess priority in 10:9 where S, holding to the ancient tradition, states that all rains originate from the celestial storage place, whereas G exhibits compromises with Hellenistic science. The lists above show that although both rescensions were independently reworked, G has introduced more changes.

LXX Ps 73:10). 3. Explanatory Expansions Often G functions as if it were an explanatory targum for the laconic text of RGS (as it is witnessed by S): – “And he showed me Hades, and its appearance was dark and impure. ’ And the angel said, ‘The dragon is he who eats the bodies of those who pass through life wickedly, and he is nourished by them’” (4:3b–5G). The passage, absent in S, introduces the ideas of the “pairedness” and the “unity in two” of Serpent and Hades; Hades’ function as the eater of the wicked; and Hades’ darkness and impurity.

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