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By Thomas A. Gregor

A stimulating and cutting edge attention of the idea that, factors, and perform of peace in societies either historical and sleek, human and primate.

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Each group has chosen a fundamentally different route toward the creation of a peaceful culture. Finally, in State Systems and Cycles of Peace and War, we look at transitions between aggression and tranquility. Arthur Demarest describes the delicate peace system of the ancient Maya and its final dissolution into chaotic warfare. More optimistically, Clayton and Carole Robarchek examine the remarkably sudden move from community violence to relative peace by the Waorani Indians of Ecuador. Martha Crenshaw shows how the same process can occur among modern terrorists who make the decision to give up violence.

David Barash's (1991) excellent Introduction to Peace Studies, although of great importance, gives less attention to peace as a phenomenon in its own right than to the causes and evolution of war, the history of the peace movement, proposals for peace through law and respect for human and environmental rights. S. government-funded agency for the promotion of peace studies (the United States Institute of Peace). Increasingly, peace research is recognized as a separate and legitimate area of inquiry, rather than a category residual to the study of war.

In contrast to violence, we know all too little about peace. Peace and peace studies are relatively new to social science research. Prior to the 1980s, with the exception of a number of now classic contributions in anthropology (for example, Mead 1937; Montagu 1976) the literature was scant. " A more recent bibliography (Ferguson 1988) on issues of war and conflict, provides a rough quantitative measure of the imbalance between studies of peace and war. Of 361 pages of references, only four list citations of studies of peace.

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