By D.J. Sellmyer, Ralph Skomski
Complicated Magnetic Nanostructures is dedicated to the fabrication characterization, experimental research, theoretical figuring out, and usage of complex magnetic nanostructures. the focal point is on numerous different types of 'bottom-up' and 'top-down' synthetic nanostructures, as contrasted to obviously taking place magnetic nanostructures corresponding to iron-oxide inclusions in magnetic rocks, and to constructions similar to ideal skinny movies
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18 A. Kashyap et al. field splitting which depends on local environment and can not be transferred from one calculation to another, and how do we treat the wave function? The solution to these problems is not unique and several interesting points of view have developed. However, major progress towards obtaining a TB-Hamiltonian based on a solid theoretical understanding of the problem came in 1984 with the advent of the LMTO-ASA-TB formalism [3I]. This gave rise to a new era regarding the quantitative description of the electronic structure of complex systems by using real-space methods.
An example is Co nanowires fully coated with atomic Cu shells. Wang et al. [I 111 find that Cu atoms occupy the surface, while Co atoms prefer to occupy the interior of the nanowires to form the perfect-coated structures. The coated Cu atomic layer leads to a large variation of the magnetic moment of the Co nanowires, depending on the structure and the thickness of Cu layers. A single row of Co atoms in the center of nanowire is found to be nonmagnetic when coated with two Cu layers, while all other investigated Co nanowires (Fig.
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