By Eugene A. Lovelace
Offered during this quantity is a dialogue of present literature and theoretical matters in terms of 3 elements of late-life age-related cognitive swap. to begin with, facts concerning getting older and the fundamental psychological methods of cognizance, motor keep watch over, reminiscence, language, problem-solving, and intelligence are offered. Secondly, the position of private characteristics akin to character and self-efficacy within the getting older of cognitive functionality are constructed, in addition to self-awareness of cognitive techniques and age adjustments within the tracking of those techniques. Thirdly, attention is given to the learn of interventions to hold up or remediate the cognitive declines of getting older.
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Additional resources for Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
Meyer, D. , & Schvaneveldt, R. W. (1976). Meaning, memory structure, and mental processes. Science, 192, 27-33. Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 63, 81-97. Mitchell, D. B. (1989). How many memory systems? Evidence from aging. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Copition, 15, 3 1-49. Monge, R. , & Hultsch, D. F. (1971). Paired-associate learning as a function of adult age and the length of the anticipation and inspection intervals.
Issues of Cognitive Aging Age Effects Via Non-cognitive Factors Cognitive processes are, of course, covert. They cannot be directly observed and recorded. These processes can only be inferred from performance measures. The difficulty with such inference has long been acknowledged in the leaming/performance distinction. That is, while cognitive differences are likely to produce performance differences, the performance must be presumed to be governed by other factors as well. Among the non-cognitive determinants of performance are the broad classes of affective and motivational variables.
It might seem that ideally one would have samples of individuals of various ages that were representative of the larger population of people of that age. Of course, even if one could get such samples, this provides no protection against any confounds resulting from cohort differences. If one is simply interested in descriptions of the way in which individuals of different ages in our society today differ, then the confound of age with cohort is not a problem. If however, one wishes to learn something about changes that are intrinsic to the aging process then cohort differences must be controlled.