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By Ganne Bernard

This publication presents a accomplished evaluate of what Asian commercial clusters may well educate us. At a time while the dynamics of the world's economic climate are more and more being motivated by means of advancements in Asia, the query takes on specific relevance as a result explosion of clusters and cluster regulations through the area; and due to the good number of versions which might be obvious constructing within the quite a few nations. in response to strong empirical surveys and interviews performed in China, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan, the experiences accrued during this e-book have been first debated at a world workshop in Lyon. From commercial districts to poles of competitiveness, those stories explored the transformation of conventional structures of actions or commercial districts to new networks prepared for worldwide festival or innovation, and in addition the improvement of latest agglomerations or medical wisdom clusters. the wide variety of case stories during this assortment deals a wealthy shop of theoretical and useful classes for analysts, policy-makers and economists. The publication can be an invaluable advisor for graduate scholars in addition to researchers in economics, sociology and political experiences.

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Asian Industrial Clusters, Global Competitiveness and New Policy Initiatives

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Matching some field observations (the cluster of Chaiyaphum, initiated by the Department of Industrial Promotion) and documented cases (in Chiang Mai Province) with cluster theory originating from advanced economies, they identified three categories of clusters, according to the sector linkages and to their economic and social embeddedness, namely ‘tradi-clusters’, ‘neo-clusters’ and ‘plani-clusters’. qxd 5/27/2009 xxxvi 5:57 PM Page xxxvi B. Ganne and Y. Lecler In Chapter 16, Patarapong Intarakumnerd focuses particularly on the Thai cluster policy initiative which aims at rectifying weaknesses and the fragmentation of the country’s national system of innovation (NSI).

3 The Diversity of the Districts There are craft districts and also more urban small business districts, in different sectors of traditional or more recent industries. If we add to these the parks of suppliers and high technology zones, we can see that Vietnam today possesses a wide range of types of clusters, even if the term is a new one in the country. A certain number of studies have attempted to classify this diversity. Whether it be the work of the IDE-JETRO 2002 programme (see above), or that completed in 2004 by Riedel and Ricord, we can state that researchers agree to recognise four different types of clusters in Vietnam: — Local industrial districts organised and specialised locally around the production of a specific product.

And the question of the relationship to the territory and the endogenous/exogenous dynamics become even more complex in the case of technological clusters which, particularly with NTIC seem to point to the possibility to free themselves from the local, geographical dimension. So, beyond the apparent similarities with hitherto known clusters, there is another configuration emerging in China which is not only economic but also social and political, for which only plural methodologies and broadened theoretical approaches can account.

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