By Stephen J. O'Brien (Editor), Joan C. Menninger (Editor), William G. Nash (Editor)
A beautiful visible choice of the banded metaphase chromosome karyotypes from a few 850 species of mammals, the Atlas of Mammalian Chromosomes represents an unabridged compendium of the nation of this genomic artwork shape. Bringing jointly info presently scattered through the cytogenetics literature for rankings of released and unpublished species, this atlas positive aspects fine quality karyotype photographs for almost each mammal studied thus far, making it the main accomplished assemblage of high-resolution chromosome pictures available--a severely beneficial source for modern-day comparative genomics era.For each on hand species, the Atlas of Mammalian Chromosomes provides the simplest karyotype produced, the typical and Latin identify of the species, the printed quotation, and the contributing authors. such a lot karyotypes are G-banded, revealing the chromosomal bar codes of homologous segments between comparable species.Addressing the mandate of the Human Genome undertaking to annotate the genomes of different organisms besides, the Atlas of Mammalian Chromosomes bargains a breakthrough in our knowing of species formation, of genome association, and of DNA script for usual choice. it truly is a useful source for geneticists, mammalogists, and biologists drawn to comparative genomics, systematics, and chromosome constitution.
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Additional info for Atlas of Mammalian Chromosomes
In males these 10 sex chromosomes adopt an XY alternating pattern and segregate to 5X (female-determining) and 5Y (male-determining) sperm. It is likely that the tiny Y5 has been lost in the related echidna, which has a meiotic chain of nine chromosomes. However, the difference in the number of chromosomes in the platypus and echidna indicates that numerous as-yet ORDER MONOTREMATA unidentiﬁed chromosome rearrangements have occurred to separate these species. , 2003). Mitotic Chromosomes of Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus, Order Monotremata of Mammalian Subclass Prototheria) The platypus has 2n = 52 in both sexes (Bick and Sharman, 1975; Murtagh, 1977; Wrigley and Graves, 1988b).
Menninger, William G. Nash Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1 2 MONOTREMATA microchromosomes as well as normal-sized macroelements (Matthey, 1949; White, 1973). However, Van Brink (1959) disagreed, noting that the small chromosomes of monotremes were much larger than sauropsid microchromosomes and there was a more continuous distribution of chromosome size than the bimodal distribution in birds and reptiles. No consistent chromosome numbers were available until Bick and Jackson (1967) described the karyotypes of the platypus and echidna.
C. Hsu (now deceased) and Kurt Benirschke (author of the foreword). In 10 editions, unbanded karyotypes for hundreds of species were archived. Here we extend that beginning with the best karyotypes available for 815 species. We asked experts on cytogenetics for each order of mammals to compose a short overview on the biology, genetics, cytogenetic accomplishments, and analyses for each order. For each species we present the best karyotype available, the common and Latin name for the species, the published citation, and contributing author(s).