Download Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy: by Andrew Futter PDF

By Andrew Futter

This ebook examines the transformation in US brooding about the position of Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) in nationwide safety coverage because the finish of the chilly struggle.

The evolution of the BMD debate after the chilly struggle has been complicated, complex and punctuated. As this publication exhibits, the talk and next coverage offerings may usually seem to mirror neither the actual specifications of the overseas approach for US safeguard at any given time, nor certainly the present functions of BMD technology.

Ballistic Missile Defence and US nationwide safeguard Policy strains the evolution of coverage from the zero-sum debates that surrounded the Strategic protection Initiative as Ronald Reagan left workplace, as much as the relative political consensus that exists round a restricted BMD deployment in 2012. The publication exhibits how and why coverage advanced in this kind of complicated demeanour in this interval, and explains the strategic reasoning and political pressures shaping BMD coverage below all of the presidents who've held place of work considering that 1989. eventually, this quantity demonstrates how relative developments in know-how, mixed with progress within the perceived missile hazard, steadily shifted the contours and rhythm of the family missile defence debate within the US in the direction of recognition and normalisation.

This booklet could be of a lot curiosity to scholars of missile defence and fingers regulate, US nationwide defense coverage, strategic stories and diplomacy in general.

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Extra info for Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy: Normalisation and Acceptance after the Cold War

Sample text

Abrahamson, who had headed the agency since April 1984, recommended that the SDI programme be restructured to ‘incorporate, elevate and prioritize’ Brilliant Pebbles as the centrepiece of the administration’s anti-­missile research effort. 46 Bush now began to 28 George H. W. Bush (1989–1993) entertain the possibility of pursuing a system based around Brilliant Pebbles that showed great promise, and could apparently be done at a limited cost. 47 Nevertheless, BMD policy remained constrained by the ABM Treaty and by the importance of relations with Moscow.

The initial reports that Patriot had successfully intercepted Iraqi Scud missiles in early 1991 provided a huge boost in Washington for tactical missile defences. It also erroneously provided impetus for the concept of missile defence more generally. 13 Although Brilliant Pebbles and Patriot provided a temporary fillip in the general perception of the technological efficacy of BMD, the overall trend during this period was towards a growing acceptance that the US remained a long way from being able to deploy even the simplest of effective missile defences.

W. 84 By the end of 1990, prospects for SDI deployment seemed low; the technology was faltering, the Soviet threat was decreasing, and the Democratic Congress did not want to fund it. Bush’s approach to SDI had remained cautious and pragmatic both before and after his election, and this had been reflected in the development of the programme during this period. Although certainly interested in the initial promise of Brilliant Pebbles, SDI was of secondary importance to Bush and was often used as a political bargaining chip, both domestically and internationally, and funding was retained more as a future hedge against the unknown than for any specific strategic purpose.

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