By Jonathan A Epstein
In Belgium’s drawback: The Formation of Belgian protection coverage, 1932-1940, Jonathan Andrew Epstein provides, for the 1st time in English, a close exam of the formation of Belgian security coverage within the 8 years top as much as the the most important international struggle II Blitzkrieg crusade in Western Europe. Belgium’s determination to give up army ties with France in 1936 has been generally criticized as a deadly mistake however it used to be in truth an inexpensive reaction to Belgium’s state of affairs and used to be now not a significant component within the Allied defeat.
Drawing on Belgian records, Jonathan Andrew Epstein seems to be on the leaders and matters that formed the Belgian military of 1940 and demonstrates that whereas errors have been made, lots of the judgements have been sound.
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Additional info for Belgium's Dilemma: The Formation of the Belgian Defense Policy, 1932-1940
Assemblée wallonne” “Politique Militaire Belge avant 1914” Haag, 1: 190-197. Haag, 1: 197-210; Pawly and Lierneux, p. 6. Belgium And World War I 21 and not that damaging. She suggests he probably regretted his decision rather quickly. 19 Just as later in 1940, an important part of the Belgian plans called for demolitions to slow any invader and in fact the German ultimatum of 1914 explicitly urged the Belgians not to do any such acts. General Leman, commanding Liège, blew up railroad tunnels and bridges across the Meuse on August 3 while, after receiving a telegram from the Kaiser urging Albert to obey the ultimatum, Albert ordered destructions to delay the Germans.
During the war, Albert took personal control of the army, as permitted by the constitution, and set a precedent for his son, Leopold III, to follow in 1939’40. The Belgian army fought well against overwhelming odds but was forced out of nearly the entire country. The German occupation was brutal from beginning to end. Once it was clear there would be no quick victory, the Germans set about dismantling Belgium and favoring the Flemings over the Walloons. This exacerbated the language issue while across the front line, many Flemish soldiers resented being commanded by officers without proficiency in their language and founded the ‘Frontist’ movement to advocate for Flemish equality.
13. Zuckerman, pp. 22-23; Cook, p. 102; Zuckerman, pp. 29-36; Horne and Kramer, pp. 42, 54. 26 Chapter 1 phonic or telegraphic communication, allowing only the strictly censored mail service. 32 As the war went on, the Germans increasingly played the ‘Flemish card,’ seeking to divide the Belgians according to race/language and to favor the Germanic Flemish. The pro-Flemish ‘Flamingants’ were at first repelled by the occupiers but soon the Germans were not only returning Flemish to official documents but also giving it preeminence over French, although still under German.