By Peter Shirlow
Read Online or Download Beyond the Wire: Former Prisoners and Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland PDF
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In fresh a long time the area has skilled the increase of so-called 'low depth conflicts'. not like traditional wars those very bloody armed conflicts aren't any longer the affair of kingdom governments and their armies. of their position seem police-like armed devices, protection providers and mystery companies, teams and businesses of spiritual, political and social enthusiasts able to hotel to violence, 'militias', bands of mercenaries, or simply gangs of thugs, led by way of the condottiere of the twenty first century, inclusive of militant charismatics, military 'generals', 'drug barons', and 'warlords' of assorted forms.
This ebook examines the concept that of legitimacy because it can be utilized to give an explanation for the good fortune, or failure, of key balance operations because the finish of the chilly warfare. within the luck of balance operations, legitimacy is vital. which will be successful, the intervening strength needs to create a feeling of legitimacy of the project one of the numerous constituencies all for and fascinated by the enterprise.
This paintings examines neighborhood possession in UN peacekeeping and the way nationwide and overseas actors engage and percentage accountability in fragile post-conflict contexts summary: This paintings examines neighborhood possession in UN peacekeeping and the way nationwide and overseas actors engage and percentage accountability in fragile post-conflict contexts
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Additional info for Beyond the Wire: Former Prisoners and Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland
Although the bulk of the Republican former prisoners were connected to the IRA, some respondents had been involved in other Republican organisations and a few had no connection with any particular group but had been imprisoned for politically motivated activities. The Loyalist respondents originated in the Greater Shankill area and were drawn from within the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and Red Hand Commando (RHC) groups. The qualitative dimension to the research comprised three elements. 9 Finally, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a number of key former prisoners and representatives of former prisoner groups and also members of ‘civic society’ during 2005.
Again, drawing on relevant international analogies where appropriate, we discuss each in turn. THE SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CONTEXT FOR EARLY RELEASE The release of combatants from prison after a conflict has a long tradition. Processes of prisoner release or pardon are entirely in keeping with the common-law legal tradition which has permitted the sovereign exercise of power to mitigate punishment for individual offenders or classes of offenders since at least the seventh century (Bresler, 1965; Moore, 1989).
However, before exploring these most recent releases in more detail, it is important to acknowledge that politically motivated prisoners were of course released from gaol throughout the Northern Ireland conflict. For example, internees were released in large numbers both before and after internment was phased out in early 1975 (Gardiner, 1975). 1 From the early 1980s, in partial response to political pressure concerning ‘SOSPs’ (Secretary of State’s Pleasure, that is, prisoners under 18 at the time of the sentence but given the equivalent of a life sentence), a new mechanism was devised to oversee the release of lifers and SOSPs (NIACRO, 1984; NIPS, 1985, 1987).
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