Download BSD UNIX toolbox : 1000+ commands for FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and by Chris Negus; François Caen PDF

By Chris Negus; François Caen

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Here are some examples: # cd /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/portmanager # make install clean # portmanager -u # portmanager math/gnumeric 28 Compile and install portmanager. qxd:Toolbox 3/29/08 10:41 AM Page 29 Chapter 2: Installing FreeBSD and Adding Software Auditing Installed Packages The portaudit command (pkg_add -r portaudit) lets you check your installed packages for known security vulnerabilities. Regardless of whether or not your FreeBSD system is using the latest ports collection, you can use portaudit to check your installed packages against a database of security advisories.

Adding, Deleting, and Managing Software After installing FreeBSD, you can install additional software using either Ports or Packages. The FreeBSD ports collection approach lets you install software from source code. The Packages approach lets you install applications that are pre-built into binaries. Experts tend to use the ports system to get the latest software. New users might be more comfortable with Packages provided that bugs have been worked out in the build process. For installing binaries, the sysinstall utility lets you select where to install from (CD, DVD, FTP, and so on), then choose which packages to install.

When you switch to virtual terminal one through six, you see a login prompt similar to the following: FreeBSD/i386 (localhost) (ttyv1) login: Separate getty processes manage each virtual terminal. 02 -sh (sh) Virtual consoles are configured in the /etc/ttys file. You can have fewer or more virtual terminals by adding or deleting getty lines from that file. ) Type the following to see which ttys are configured: # grep ttyv /etc/ttys ttyv0 “/usr/libexec/getty Pc” ... cons25 on secure Using the Shell After you open a shell (whether from a text-based login or Terminal window), the shell environment is set up based on the user who started the shell.

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