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By Alexandru Madgearu

The present kingdom of analysis in this touch zone among Byzantium and East principal Europe in the course of a afflicted interval invitations a brand new synthesis of the newest reveals and interpretations. No such entire paintings addressing either literary and archaeological facts exists for the historical past of the Byzantine Danubian provinces within the 10th-12th c.
The major objective Alexandru Madgearu's ebook is to set up a chronology for the provincial association and for the improvement of the Danubian frontier. First a safeguard opposed to the Rus’, the province of Dristra, later referred to as Paradunavon, grew to become extra a touch and clash sector with the Pechenegs and Cumans, grew to become by means of the tip of the eleventh century in a half-open house, in line with the recent technique of Alexius I Comnenus.

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69 Božilov 1973 a, 14; Dimitrov 1986, 75–76; Mladjov 1998, 120; Makk 1999, 12. 70 Diaconu 1970, 18–19; Spinei 2006, 168. 22 chapter one and Agathopolis. 71 Because the Pechenegs were quickly growing into the most important power in the steppe lands north of the Black Sea, it was necessary to stop them by supporting their rivals. This was the second solution found for the Pecheneg problem. The Rus’ were a suitable partner, because they were at the same time enemies of the Khazars and of the Pechenegs.

68 Nicholas I, Letters, 60–63; Theophanes Continuatus, ed. Bekker, 387–390; Skylitzes, Constantinos VII (913–959), 8 (ed. Thurn, 203–204; transl. Flusin, 172; transl. 1–4 (ed. Büttner-Wobst, 464–465); Wozniak 1984, 304–306; Dimitrov 1986, 75–77; Haldon 2001, 87–88; Todorov 2010, 323–324. 69 Božilov 1973 a, 14; Dimitrov 1986, 75–76; Mladjov 1998, 120; Makk 1999, 12. 70 Diaconu 1970, 18–19; Spinei 2006, 168. 22 chapter one and Agathopolis. 71 Because the Pechenegs were quickly growing into the most important power in the steppe lands north of the Black Sea, it was necessary to stop them by supporting their rivals.

This Constanteia is most certainly the same as the port mentioned by Constantine Porphyrogenitus, the ancient city of Tomis and the present-day city of Constanţa. As a consequence, some have advanced the idea that the passage contains two different sentences, which have been collapsed—one 109 Skylitzes, John Tzimiskes, 12 (ed. Thurn, 301; transl. Flusin, 252; transl. Wortley, 287). 40–42 (ed. Büttner-Wobst, 530). 110 McGrath 1995, 157–158. 111 Stokes 1962, 479, 486; Oikonomides 1965, 63. 112 Peri strateias, 30/31.

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