By THIRD EARL OF SHAFTESBURY
This new Liberty Fund version of Characteristicks provides the total 1732 textual content of this vintage paintings of philosophy and political thought. additionally integrated are devoted reproductions of the stirring engravings that Shaftesbury created to facilitate the reader's attention of his meditations at the interrelationships between fact, goodness, attractiveness, advantage, liberty, accountability, society, and the kingdom. click on the following to view a pattern paintings card. The grandson of a founder and chief of the English Whigs, and tutored by way of John Locke, Anthony Ashley Cooper, the 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury (1671–1713), wrote probably the most intellectually influential works in English of the eighteenth century. This used to be the three-volume Characteristicks, initially released in 1711, yet revised in 1714 to deal with the engravings of illustrations that Shaftesbury himself completed to help the reader's attention of his reflections on advantage as a type of rationally accomplished concord one of the affections. greatly considered as the 1st exponent of the view that ethics derives, no longer from cause by myself, yet from "sentiment," Shaftesbury criticizes not just Locke yet, in particular, Hobbes for the dim view that "the country of nature" is "a battle of all opposed to all." on the contrary, Shaftesbury argued that human nature responds so much totally to representations of the nice, the genuine, and the attractive, and that humans clearly hope society. In all of those reflections, he offers a wide scope for the workout of person liberty and accountability. Douglas Den Uyl has for a few years been a Professor of Philosophy at Bellarmine collage, Louisville, and is vice chairman of academic courses for Liberty Fund, Inc.
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Extra info for CHARACTERISTICKS OF MEN, MANNERS, OPINIONS, TIMES 3 VOL PB SET vol. 2
For a Creature possess’d with such an immoderate Degree of Passion, must of necessity allow too much to that one, and too little to others of the same Character, and equally natural and useful as to their End. And this must necessarily be the occasion of Partiality and Injustice, whilst only one Duty or natural Part is earnestly follow’d; and other Parts or Dutys neglected, which shou’d accompany it, and perhaps take place and be prefer’d. This may well be allow’d true in all other respects; since even R it-self, consider’d as a Passion, not of the selﬁsh but nobler kind, may in some Characters be strain’d beyond its natural Proportion, and be said also to be in too high a degree.
By opposite Aﬀection, or Antipathy;  Not by Opinion merely. And this Aﬀection being an original one of earliest rise in the Soul or aﬀectionate Part; nothing beside contrary Aﬀection, by frequent check and controul, can operate upon it, so as either to diminish it in part, or destroy it in the whole. ’Tis evident in what relates to the Frame and Order of our Bodys; that no particular odd Mein or Gesture, which is either natural to us, and consequent to our Make, or accidental and by Habit acquir’d, can possibly be overcome by our immediate Disapprobation, or the contrary Bent of our Will, ever so strongly set against it.
On the other side, the patient enduring of the Calamity, and the bearing up of the Mind under it, must be acknowledg’d immediately virtuous, and preservative of Virtue. Now, according to the Hypothesis of those who exclude a general Mind, it must be confess’d, there can nothing happen in the Course of things to deserve either our Admiration, and Love, or our Anger, and Abhorrence. ’’ Therefore in the Course of Things in this World, whatever Hardship of Events may seem to force from any rational Creature a hard Censure of his private Condition or Lot; he may by Reﬂection nevertheless, come to have Patience, and to acquiesce in it.