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Extra info for Chile: the adult health policy challenge

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The simulation model for forecasting future health trends and costs was financed by a grant provided by the World Bank's Research Advisory Staff (RAD). 00 = CH$350 (February 1992). 5 mill. 8 Page xviii Key Economic Indicators 1990 1991 1992 1993 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (% of GDP)GDP at market prices (Mill. 7BALANCE OF PAYMENTS (Mill. 8% Stock of Foreign Reserves 5,3586,6419,0099,759FOREIGN DEBT Total Debt Stock (Mill. 6%Sources: The Central Bank of Chile and Ministry of Finance. Page xix Executive Summary The social and economic transformations of the last several decades have led to profound demographic and epidemiological changes in many developing countries.

A coordinated public information campaign using mass media, which was used quite effectively Page xxvii in the fight against cholera, has not been enlisted to combat non-communicable disease risk factors, except for smoking. Health Protection Occupational health and safety has been the focus of numerous Chilean laws since 1916 which have mandated employer coverage of occupational diseases and accidents occurring to their employees and set standards for sanitation and safety in the work place. The country also has extensive national and sectoral legislation governing the protection of the environment.

Since COPD cannot be cured, this condition in particular adds to the disability burden of the country. Mortality and hospitalization rates for diabetes and cirrhosis have registered steady increases in the past 30 years. The study also examined trends in the principal risk factors for degenerative illnesses, focussing on smoking, alcohol and drug abuse, hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, dietary patterns, occupational hazards and pollution, which have become important determinants of illness, particularly among low-income groups.

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