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The second one version of this definitive textual content, masking all scientific features of human locomotion and its issues. Multidisciplinary in authorship and process, it covers all of the vital medical components. up to date and revised all through, the ebook has been elevated to permit for elevated wisdom at the topic. very important alterations for the second one version contain: new chapters on thoughts for gait research, peripheral neuropathies and dizziness.
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Extra info for Clinical Disorders of Balance, Posture and Gait
Chichester: John Wiley, 1991:33–47. 28. Massion J. Postural control systems in developmental perspective. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 1998;22:465–472. 29. Bernstein, N. Co-ordination and regulation of movements. New York: Pergamon Press, 1967. 30. Gurﬁnkel VS, Levik YS. Perceptual and automatic aspects of the postural body scheme. In: Paillard J, ed. Brain and space. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1991;147–62. 31. Clement G, Gurﬁnkel VS, Lestienne F, et al. Adaptation of postural control to weightlessness.
53. Massion J. Postural control systems in developmental perspective. Neurosci Behav Rev 1998;22:465–72. 54. Dietz V. Neuronal basis of stance regulation: interlimb coordination and antigravity receptor function. In: Swinnen S, Heuer H, Massion J, Casaer P, eds. Interlimb coordination: neural, dynamical and cognitive constraints. San Diego: Academic Press, 1994:167–78. 55. Dietz V, Gollhofer A, Kleiber M, Trippell M. Regulation of bipedal stance: dependence on ‘load’ receptors. Exp Brain Res 1992;89:229–31.
Dusenbery69 has provided estimates of the large rates of information transmitted in the human visual system (106–108 bits/s). It is not surprising that the Bible’s ﬁrst imperative is ‘Let there be light’, and vision is accorded primacy and dubbed the queen of the senses. Vision allows us to interpret and take appropriate action before reaching the site of potential perturbation. These actions are classiﬁed as avoidance strategies70 and include: selection of alternate foot placement by modulating step length and width; increased ground clearance to avoid hitting an obstacle; changing the direction of locomotion (steering) when the obstacles cannot be cleared; and stopping.