By Elisabeth Hildt, Andreas G. Franke
Cognitive enhancement is using medicinal drugs, biotechnological options or different capacity through fit contributors aiming on the development of cognitive features reminiscent of vigilance, focus or reminiscence with none clinical desire. specifically, using pharmacological ingredients (caffeine, prescribed drugs or illicit medicines) has obtained substantial realization over the last few years. presently, besides the fact that, little is understood about the use of cognitive enhancers, their results in fit contributors and where and serve as of cognitive enhancement in way of life. the aim of the booklet is to offer an summary of the present study on cognitive enhancement and to supply in-depth insights into the interdisciplinary debate on cognitive enhancement.
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Extra resources for Cognitive Enhancement: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Trends in Augmentation of Human Performance)
Schwerpunktthema Doping am Arbeitsplatz. IGES Institut GmbH, Berlin Franke AG, Lieb K (2010) Pharmacological neuroenhancement and brain doping: chances and risks. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 53(8):853–859 Franke AG, Lieb K, Fellgiebel A (2009) From symptomatic to disease modifying therapy? Recent developments in the pharmacotherapy of Alzheimer’s disease. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 77(6):326–333 Franke AG, Bonertz C, Christmann M, Huss M, Fellgiebel A, Hildt E, Lieb K (2011a) Non-medical use of prescription stimulants and illicit use of stimulants for cognitive enhancement in pupils and students in Germany.
J Clin Psychopharmacol 28(3 Suppl 2):S39–S45 Repantis D, Schlattmann P, Laisney O, Heuser I (2009) Antidepressants for neuroenhancement in healthy individuals: a systematic review. Poiesis Prax 6:139–174 Repantis D, Laisney O, Heuser I (2010a) Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and memantine for neuroenhancement in healthy individuals: a systematic review. Pharmacol Res 61(6):473–481 Repantis D, Schlattmann P, Laisney O, Heuser I (2010b) Modafinil and methylphenidate for neuroenhancement in healthy individuals: a systematic review.
The main interest here, as well, was obviously in the effect after a drug intake of several days. But even if the drug was given repeatedly, the studies on these healthy individuals had an adequate duration in only very few cases. For instance, only 17 of the 75 repeated dose trials that were found lasted more than 2 weeks. Nevertheless, from the analysis that was performed, a number of conclusions could be drawn. 9 days, SD D 12). If the trials had been longer and had had more assessment points, one could speculate that this effect would persist or even become stronger or that a ceiling effect would emerge.