By Anthony Oberschall
This groundbreaking booklet presents an built-in account of ethnic, nationality and sectarian conflicts within the modern international together with the position of collective myths, the mass media and the ethnification of identities as members to ethnic conflicts and wars. as well as many examples from the final twenty years, Oberschall offers a accomplished evaluation of the clash and peace tactics in Bosnia, Northern eire and the center East. Oberschall analyzes: peace development via constitutional layout continual sharing governance disarming warring parties, post-accord protection and refugee go back transitional justice (truth and reconciliation commissions, battle crimes tribunals) monetary and social reconstruction in a multiethnic society. as well as many examples from the final 20 years, Oberschall presents a entire evaluate of the clash and peace approaches for Bosnia, Northern eire, and Israel-Palestinians. He argues that insurgency creates contentious concerns over and above the unique root factors of the clash, that the inner divisions in the adversaries set off conflicts that jeopardize peace strategies, and that safety and rebuilding a failed nation are a precondition for lasting peace and a democratic polity. This e-book may be crucial examining for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars, researchers and teachers drawn to the fields of peace reviews, warfare and clash reports, ethnic reports and political sociology.
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Additional info for Conflict and Peace Building in Divided Societies: Responses to ethnic violence
In a television interview, Senator George Mitchell (2002) observed about his experience as mediator in ethnic conflict that “There is a fixation and obsession with the past that hampers the ability to look at the future . . unless people . .
Yet adversaries tend to deny, or minimize, atrocities and war crimes committed by their own group, and highlight and exaggerate those alleged to have been committed by the others. The self-image of ethnic groups and nations is positive: its members derive dignity from it, and seek public recognition for it. Atrocities and war crimes reflect poorly on self-image and dignity. Even if one did not personally participate in these crimes, accusations and war crime trials are experienced as an attack against the entire group because they lower the image and dignity of all.
According to Mancur Olson (1968), in large groups there is a tendency to be a free rider (not to participate) for achieving collective goods, such as regime change. Second, increasing the cost of an activity, such as responding to opposition with negative sanctions, is a disincentive for opposition. Third, the “erosion of authority” accounts for the speed of anti-regime activity (Oberschall 1989). A social control apparatus is hierarchic, each link of the edifice supporting the others. The regime leaders order a crackdown, the police arrest, the prosecutors prosecute, and the courts convict.