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By Martyn Chorlton

The Lockheed Constellation was once an airplane that broke the mildew while it got here to early airliner layout. the traditional procedure of a directly, tubular fuselage and a traditional tail and wing association continues to be the attempted and validated confi guration of all airliners to today. operating to a collection of specifi cations awarded by means of company wealthy person Howard Hughes for using TWA, Lockheed’s leader fashion designer ‘Kelly’ Johnson created a piece of artwork with curves all through which had by no means been designed into an airplane, on no account an airliner, sooner than, or on account that. Lockheed’s layout procedure might fee them ultimately their major opponents, Douglas, could move down the extra conventional airliner layout direction and accomplish a lot larger revenues for this reason. The contract with Hughes over the plane may additionally prevent household revenues as an incredible caveat used to be that no Constellations will be offered to airways within the united states till years after the airliner had entered provider with TWA. Understandably, a few operators appeared in other places for his or her post-war wishes and Douglas benefi tted for this reason.

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Northwest Orient Airlines was the launch customer for the ‘Super G’ and the airline placed its order for six aircraft (reduced to four at a later date) on April 20, 1953. The very first L-1049G was rolled out in November 1954 and, on December 17, made its maiden flight. The first aircraft was delivered to Northwest on January 22, 1955 and it was not long before they were employed in the routes from the US west coast to the Far East. TWA placed an order for twelve L-1049Gs on October 22, 1953, followed by eight more in November 1955.

Both doors opened upwards and the aircraft could now carry 37,250lb of cargo. Six more were later converted and, with the introduction of the 707 in 1959, the Starliners were relegated to other duties. A TWA Starliner made the type’s last international passenger flight (Cairo to New York) on October 28, 1961, illustrating just how short the Starliner’s life was in TWA service. In 1962, TWA withdrew the type from domestic service but cargo transatlantic flights continued until 1963 and domestic cargo flights went on until 1967.

1954-1958 Most TWA executive offices are relocated to New York. Training, maintenance and engineering and administrative functions remain in Kansas City. against Howard Hughes and the Hughes Tool Company, alleging violations of the Sherman Act and Clayton anti-monopoly acts. Jan 3, 1957 TWA is the first airline to offer passengers freshly-brewed coffee in flight. Jul 19, 1961 TWA introduces in-flight motion pictures. The first feature ‘By Love Possessed’, stars Lana Turner. Jun 1, 1957 L-1649 Starliner ‘Jetstream’ enters service on the New York-London-Paris service.

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