By Kai Licha (auth.), Prof. Dr. Werner Krause (eds.)
Read Online or Download Contrast Agents II: Optical, Ultrasound, X-Ray and Radiopharmaceutical Imaging PDF
Best chemistry books
Presents finished insurance of the kinds of discount rates gone through by means of some of the sessions of natural chemistry. Discusses savings in keeping with what bond or useful staff is lowered through assorted reagents. provides specified realization to selective rate reductions which are compatible for the relief of 1 specific form of bond or functionality with no affecting different bonds or features found in an analogous molecule.
Content material: law of pesticide disposal / Raymond F. Krueger and David J. Severn -- The source Conservation and restoration Act / David Friedman -- Pesticide waste disposal in agriculture / Charles V. corridor -- Degradation of insecticides in managed water-soil structures / G. A. Junk, J. J. Richard, and P.
- Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
- Biomacromolecules. Introduction to Struture Function and Informatics
- F Perfluorohalogenoorgano Compounds of Main Group Elements: Compounds with Elements of the Main Group 6 (SIV, SVI, Se Te) and with I
- Energy Coupling and Molecular Motors
- Computational Modeling of Homogeneous Catalysis (Catalysis by Metal Complexes)
- Cumulative Subject and Contributor Indexes and Tables of Contents for Volumes 1-42
Additional resources for Contrast Agents II: Optical, Ultrasound, X-Ray and Radiopharmaceutical Imaging
Consequently, several techniques to measure ICG concentration in real-time have been explored. Certain properties of ICG summarized below have endeared its widespread use in hepatology: (1) Lipophilic-hydrophilic character: ICG is an amphiphilic molecule consisting of a lipophilic polyaromatic polyene core and a water-solubilizing sulfonate group (Fig. 7). As a surfactant, ICG exists predominantly in a monomeric form at low concentrations (< 5 µM) but rapidly aggregates at higher concentrations (100 µM) .
It is primarily metabolized in the liver by cytochrome P450 enzymes to give N-demethylated xanthine and few other metabolites (Fig. About 17 caffeine metabolites have been identified in humans . 38 S. Achilefu · R. B. Dorshow Fig. 2. Caffeine and some metabolites: TMX, trimethylxanthine; DMX, dimethylxanthine; MMX, monomethylxanthine Due to its high oral availability, caffeine is normally dispensed orally but has also been administered intravenously to circumvent complication by oral delivery in critically ill patients .
64 5 Conclusions and Future Direction 6 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Abbreviations CBT CT DMSA DMX DOTA DTPA EDTA FITC GEC Caffeine breath test Computed tomography Dimercaptosuccinic acid Dimethylxanthine Cyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraazaacetic acid Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid Fluorescein isothiocyanide Galactose elimination capacity Dynamic and Continuous Monitoring of Renal and Hepatic Functions with Exogenous Markers GFR HAMC ICG MAMC MEGX MMX MRI NIRS OIH PAH PET SPECT TMX 33 Glomerular filtration rate 7-hydroxy-4-(aminomethyl)coumarin Indocyanine green 7-Methoxy-4-(aminomethyl)coumarin monoethylglycinexylidine Monomethylxanthine Magnetic resonance imaging Near infrared spectroscopy o-Iodohippuric acid p-Amino hippuric acid Positron emission tomography Single photon computed tomography Trimethylxanthine 1 Introduction This chapter reviews advances in the use of exogenous organ function-specific tracers for dynamic and continuous monitoring of renal and hepatic functions.