Download Democracy and War - The End of an Illusion? by Errol A. Henderson PDF

By Errol A. Henderson

Errol Henderson significantly examines what has been known as the nearest factor to an empirical legislations in international politics, the idea that of the democratic peace. Henderson exams types of the democratic peace proposition (DPP) - that democracies hardly ever if ever struggle each other, and that democracies are extra peaceable quite often than nondemocracies - utilizing the exact same information and statistical recommendations as their proponents. In impact hoisting the thesis by itself petard, he unearths that the ostensible "democratic peace" has in reality been the results of a confluence of numerous procedures in the course of the post-World warfare II period. it kind of feels transparent, Henderson keeps, that the presence of democracy is hardly ever a guarantor of peace - and less than definite stipulations, it could actually even raise the likelihood of warfare. Henderson convincingly refutes the democratic peace proposition - utilizing the exact same info and methods as its proponents.

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86*** Major power Transition Downturn Buddhist Hindu Islamic Japanese Latin American Orthodox Other Sinic -2 Jog likelihood N . xz Note: Standard errors are in parentheses; all p-values are estimated using two-tailed tests. 01 level monadic level DPP derives largely from the differences among outcome variables. That is, while the present study focuses on interstate war as an outcome, both Oneal and Ray (1997) and Oneal and Russett (1997) focus on militarized interstate disputes (MIDs)-although the 68 Are Democracies More Peaceful than Nondemocracies?

Most important among the findings is that democracies are more likely to be involved in interstate war, which not only contradicts the monadic DPP but literally turns it on its head. When I include the complete list of civilization variables (with African states as the baseline) in Equation 2, the greater war-proneness of democratic states is again evident. Further, I find that the pacificity of Westem states evinced in Equation 1 is clearly not robust. In addition, it is clear that Islamic states are not singularly bellicose but that Hindu and Other (mainly Israel) states are also more prone to war, which suggests that Huntington's (1996) assertion of the singular bellicosity of Islamic states is misplaced, at best.

If this hypothetical relationship were borne out empirically, then focusing on war involvement would make democracies appear more bellicose than they are in actuality. " However, the problem with this critique is that the literature on the DPP suggests that democracies are no less likely to initiate wars or to fight on the side of the initiators than nondemocracies (Small and Singer, 1976; Chan, 1984). In fact, previous research indicates that democracies appear to be more likely to initiate war against autocracies than are autocracies to initiate wars against them (Bennett and Stam, 1998).

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