By Elisabeth Krimmer, Patricia Anne Simpson
Enlightened warfare investigates the a number of and intricate interactions among battle and Enlightenment concept. even supposing the Enlightenment is regularly pointed out with the beliefs of development, everlasting peace, cause, and self-determination, Enlightenment discourse opened up in the course of a interval of lengthy eu conflict from the Seven Years' struggle to the Napoleonic conquest of Europe. The essays during this quantity discover the palpable effect of struggle on eighteenth-century concept and argue for an ideological affinity between struggle, Enlightenment concept, and its legacy. The essays are interdisciplinary, enticing with heritage, paintings historical past, philosophy, army thought, gender reviews, and literature and with ancient occasions and cultural contexts from the early Enlightenment via German Classicism and Romanticism. the amount enriches our knowing of war within the eighteenth century and exhibits how theories and practices of battle impacted suggestions of subjectivity, nationwide identification, gender, and paintings. It additionally sheds gentle at the modern dialogue of the legitimacy of violence through juxtaposing theories of struggle, techniques of revolution, and human rights discourses. participants: Johannes Birgfeld, David Colclasure, Sara Eigen Figal, Ute Frevert, Wolf Kittler, Elisabeth Krimmer, Waltraud Maierhofer, Arndt Niebisch, Felix Saure, Galili Shahar, Patricia Anne Simpson, Inge Stephan
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Additional resources for Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz
Inevitably the edifice of peace would break down, leaving the study of war to yield its profit (or loss) in the field; and then the exercise of peace could begin again. It was with an appreciation for the cycles of war and peace that Frederick speculated upon tactical advances for a possible future war with Austria. Tacitly acknowledging that this defied hopes for a lasting peace, he wrote: “Prussians are under the necessity of thinking about war because they have a restless and turbulent neighbor” (49).
Notes 1 Frederick II, Principes généraux de la guerre, in Oeuvres de Frédéric le Grand, ed. Johann D. E. Preuss, 31 vols. (Berlin: Decker, 1846–56), 9:165. uni-trier. de/. Unless otherwise indicated, all translations are my own. 2 See also Pierre Saint-Amand, Laws of Hostility: Politics, Violence, and the Enlightenment, trans. Jennifer C. Gage (Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1996), and Reinhard Koselleck, Critique and Crisis: Enlightenment and the Pathogenesis of the Modern World (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988).
Erster Abgott: Ewiger Friede (The Idolatry of our Philosophical Century. ” In so doing, he offered a defense of war as not merely inevitable, but productive. Conflict between nations, he insisted, functions like conflict between individuals in that it reinforces the borders of identity. Further, conflict between community groups renews moral commitments to the common good. Shrugging off as naively well-meaning the failed gestures toward the wisdom of peace offered to humanity by philosophy, reason, and history (citing Saint Pierre, Rousseau, Morus, and Gaillard), Embser argued that human beings are by nature designed to form and operate in small communal groups with particular identities, which will necessarily result in inter-group conflicts.