By Chris Wilson
Ethno-religious violence in Indonesia illustrates intimately how and why formerly peaceable spiritual groups can descend into violent conflict.
From 1999 till 2000, the clash in North Maluku, Indonesia, observed the main extreme communal violence of Indonesia’s interval of democratization. for nearly a yr, militias waged a brutal spiritual conflict which claimed the lives of virtually 4 thousand lives. The clash culminated in ethnic detoxing alongside traces of spiritual id, with nearly 300 thousand humans fleeing their houses.
Based on exact learn, this booklet presents a detailed photograph of all points of this devastating and brutal clash. It additionally presents various examples of ways diversified clash theories could be utilized within the research of genuine occasions of tensions and violence, illustrating the jointly reinforcing nature of mass point sentiment and elite service provider, and the rational and emotive affects on these concerned.
This ebook might be of curiosity to researchers in Asian experiences, clash solution and spiritual violence.
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Extra info for Ethno-Religious Violence in Indonesia: From Soil to God
2 The largest ethnic communities, according to official statistics, are the Makians, Ternates and Tidores although other communities, such as the Tobelos, form sizeable minorities. 4 The region is demographically dominated by Muslims. 5 Muslims constitute the vast majority on most islands and sub-districts. This religious constitution is reflected in the district parliaments, where Muslims greatly outnumber Christians. Christianity is strongest in northern Halmahera, particularly in Kao and Tobelo Sub-Districts, where Protestant Christians constitute large majorities, but Christians also comprise sizeable minorities in Galela, Jailolo, Ibu, Bacan and several other sub-districts.
Ternate City was declared the temporary provincial capital, while a small village in Central Halmahera District was to become the permanent capital. The North Maluku region is populated by a large number of related ethnic groups, each closely associated with a particular area. 2 The largest ethnic communities, according to official statistics, are the Makians, Ternates and Tidores although other communities, such as the Tobelos, form sizeable minorities. 4 The region is demographically dominated by Muslims.
In this view, members are driven to conflict by threats or insults to their ethnic group’s identity and will put themselves at risk in order to benefit the wider community. Ole Waever et al. 42 For Stuart Kaufman, the source of conflict lies in the ‘myth symbol complex’ of a group’s identity. ’43 A number of quantitative studies of civil war have recently taken a strong position in the instrumentalism–affect divide. 46 In Collier and Hoeffler’s terminology, greed is more important than grievance in causing civil war.