By J. Ker-Lindsay
This paintings lines the makes an attempt via the United countries to lead to the reunification of Cyprus ahead of the island's accession to the ecu Union on 1 may well 2004. as well as charting the process earlier efforts to unravel the Cyprus factor, the publication recounts the direct discussions among the 2 facets from January 2002 via to April 2004 and analyses the explanations why the UN plan was once rejected in a referendum.
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Extra info for EU Accession and UN Peacemaking in Cyprus
Pre-election hopes that the long-standing relationship between Clerides and Denktash might enable the two sides reach an agreement more easily were seemingly confirmed when, shortly after the election, the two men met for dinner under UN auspices. It was the first time that the leaders of the two sides had met face-to-face for several years. Yet again the optimism was short lived. On 24 May, the Secretary-General formally presented the two sides with his CBMs. Although he was willing to accept some of the proposals, Denktash was not prepared to agree to the package as a whole.
43 However, in January 1994, the Turkish Cypriot leader reversed his earlier position. He announced that he would be willing to accept the CBMs in principle and proximity talks started the following month. In March, the UN presented the two sides with a draft document outlining the proposed measures in greater detail. In response, Clerides said that he would be willing to accept the document if Denktash did. The Turkish Cypriot leader refused, stating that it would severely affect the balance of forces on the island.
As had also been the case under the 1960 constitution, Cyprus would be prohibited from any union with another country, either in whole or in part. At the same time, the island would accede to the European Union and in doing so would henceforth be constitutionally bound to support Turkish EU accession. As required by the EU, it would speak with one voice in all European institutions. In terms of defence, the National Guard would be disbanded by both sides, Greece and Turkey would each be permitted to keep up to ten thousand troops on the island and the government would not be able to allow any international military operations to take place in Cyprus without the permission of Greece and Turkey.