By Rune Frederiksen, Mike Schnelle, Silke Muth, Peter Schneider
With a suite of fifty seven articles in English, French and German, offering the latest study on historic fortifications, this booklet is the main enormous ebook ever to have issued at the subject for a few years. whereas fortifications of the traditional cultures of the center east and old Greek and Roman worlds have been spotted by way of tourists and students from the very starting of analysis on antiquity from the past due 18th century onwards, the architectural, fiscal, logistical, political, city and different social features of fortifications were a bit of ignored and underestimated by way of scholarship within the twentieth century. The publication offers the examine of a brand new iteration of students who've been interpreting these elements of fortifications, lots of them with years of expertise in fieldwork on urban partitions. a lot new proof and a clean examine this crucial classification of outfitted constitution is now made to be had, and the book might be of curiosity not just to the sector of historic structure, but additionally to different sub-disciplines of archaeology and old heritage.
The papers have been awarded at a convention in Athens in December 2012, they usually all current fabric and speak about themes below seven headings that signify the main principal issues within the examine of fortification in antiquity: the origins of fortification, actual atmosphere and development process, functionality and semantics, old context, the fortification of areas and locally restrained phenomena, the fortifications of Athens and new box research.
The e-book is quantity 2 within the new sequence Fokus Fortifikation reviews, created by means of the German established foreign study community Fokus Fortifikation. the themes incorporated were pointed out by means of the community over many earlier meetings and workshops as being an important and as wanting examine and dialogue past the community contributors. quantity 1 within the sequence, historic Fortifications: a compendium of conception and perform (Oxbow Books) seemed in 2015 and jointly the 2 volumes deliver the sphere of fortification reviews updated and may be an important source for a few years to come.
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Extra resources for Focus on Fortifications: New Research on Fortifications in the Ancient Mediterranean and the Near East
Schnelle and myself, the only ones who can present impressive Eastern mudbrick military architecture. Nevertheless, we can be satisfied here by this increasing number of archaeologists and historians interested in the study of antique fortification in all its aspects. And so, in the name of all the participants, I want to thank very warmly the organizers for this important initiative. Second, I am sure that the publication of the proceedings – “Fokus Fortifikation 2” – represents a lot of work, dear organizing colleagues, but the way you directed this affair convinces me that it will be a success which will stand out.
Frayne, D. ), The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, Early Periods, 4, Toronto. Frayne, D. ), The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, Early Periods, 2, Toronto. 33 George, A. 2003 The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic. Introduction, critical edition and cuneiform texts, Volume I. New York. Lebeau, M. 2005 Tell Beydar–Nabada, une cité du Bronze ancien en Jezireh syrienne: 10 ans de travaux (1992–2002), Documents d’Archéologie syrienne 6, Damascus. -C. 2004 Mari, métropole de l’Euphrate au IIIe et au début du IIe millénaire av.
4 The primary purpose of this article is to reconstruct, through an examination of the preliminary results of our excavations at Tell Hariri-Mari and the new archaeological evidence from Northern Syria (especially from Tell Chuera, perhaps ancient Abarsal), the general sequence of the development of these complex defensive systems. e. strategic defences – Mari in this respect stands out as a primary locus of innovation – was closely linked to the emergence of complex, urban-like, stratified societies in Mesopotamia.