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By William R. Watters

Formulation feedback is anything of a novelty in outdated testomony reports, even though it has been constructed and used over a interval of thirty years or so in classical learn, essentially with regards to the beginning of poetic verse in Homer. it truly is taken with using repetition in poetry, and particularly with the collocation of particular be aware pairs. accordingly the phenomenon of repetition and organization which has get to grips to previous testomony students in reference to poetic parallelism is taken up the following and defined in a brand new means due to a selected means of verse-making rooted in an oral level of such poetic composition. Following previous paintings through R. C. Culley and W. Whallon, Watters argues that there's greatly found in the Psalter facts of this oral verse-making approach. The psalm authors are held to be already accustomed to specific note pairs which each and every of them then makes use of in his personal designated, yet formalistic, method. opposed to Culley, even if, Watters argues that the frequent presence of such formalistic be aware pairs within the Psalter can't be taken to end up that the psalms have been initially composed in a loose oral type. we must always first have to determine that such observe pairs are continually the fabricated from unfastened oral composition, which lies past the facts that we have got.

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We must conclude, therefore, that few of the "field characteristics of oral verse-making" are present in the biblical psalms, certainly too few to convince us that the poems were orally composed. Even the 44 45 49 47 Ibid 97. But we know of run-on lines, though they are very rare. See page 18 above. Culley, Oral Formulaic Language, 99. M. Tsevat, A Study of the Language of the Biblical Psalms, 1955, 46-55, but also 24ff. H. Patton, Canaanite Parallels in the Book of Psalms, 1944. (M. Dahood, however, makes little use of formula.

He believes that the Ugaritic epics are from oral composition. 73 Gevirtz, Patterns in the Early Poetry of Israel, 4. 74 His research on the word pair in Ugaritic and Hebrew may also be seen in: The Ugaritic Parallel to Jeremiah 823, JNESt 20 (1961), 41-46, especially 43-45. 75 Gevirtz, Patterns in the Early Poetry of Israel, 5. The Discovery of Word Pairs from Northwest Semitic Studies 23 of his predecessors. "76 In this he sounds very much like Parry. Gevirtz notes the various types of parallelism found in Hebrew poetry, and made famous with the work of R.

71 C. 4. His work, however, offers little new information. W. Albright, Some Oriental Glosses on the Homeric Problem, 162. He believes that the Ugaritic epics are from oral composition. 73 Gevirtz, Patterns in the Early Poetry of Israel, 4. 74 His research on the word pair in Ugaritic and Hebrew may also be seen in: The Ugaritic Parallel to Jeremiah 823, JNESt 20 (1961), 41-46, especially 43-45. 75 Gevirtz, Patterns in the Early Poetry of Israel, 5. The Discovery of Word Pairs from Northwest Semitic Studies 23 of his predecessors.

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