By Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov
This quantity represents a massive new leap forward within the fields of clash solution and peace reviews. Its essays argue that, whereas clash answer is easily built to result in transitority settlements and short classes of peace in risky occasions, traditional clash answer thoughts are usually not able to construction long term balance. in its place, the authors contend, practitioners of clash answer have to concentration extra on reconciliation (the recovery of self assurance, friendship, and concord among opponents) than on mere clash solution. while conventional clash answer has centred totally on halting quarrels with agreements among leaders on either side of a clash, reconciliation suggestions shift the focal point in methods. First, they take extra of a grassroots procedure, construction contract one of the participants of rival groups, not just among leaders. moment, reconciliation takes a long term view of dispute answer. whereas the authors recognize that the function of conventional clash solution is critical in preventing violence and rigidity, they argue that, on the way to in attaining reliable peace, negotiators and practitioners of clash answer needs to concentration even more on what's to be performed after an contract between leaders is reached.
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Extra resources for From Conflict Resolution to Reconciliation
Eventually, however, the leaders are of crucial importance, since it is they who negotiate the peaceful resolution of the conﬂict and are in a position to lead the reconciliation process (for example, Begin and Sadat in the Israeli-Egyptian case, or Mandela and de Klerk in South Africa; see Bargal and Sivan, this volume). But it should be noted that in all the cases there was signiﬁcant mass support for conﬂict resolution and eventual reconciliation, without which it would be very difﬁcult to accomplish.
He proposes that achieving reconciliation requires changes in ﬁve themes of societal beliefs that were formed during the conﬂict: societal beliefs about the group’s goals, about the rival group, about one’s own group, about relations with the past opponent, and about peace. societal beliefs about the group’s goals. An important change concerns the societal beliefs about the justness of the goals that underlie the outbreak and maintenance of the conﬂict. Groups involved in conﬂict construct beliefs about their own goals that provide an epistemic basis for the conﬂict.
Of special importance is the recognition that for lasting peace, the well-being of the two sides is in the interest of both parties and hence peace also requires ongoing sensitivity and attention to the needs and goals of the other group. The above psychological framework focuses almost entirely on the change of beliefs and attitudes of both parties. Nevertheless, the outcome of reconciliation also requires positive emotions about the peaceful relations with the past opponent. Positive affects should accompany the described beliefs and indicate good feelings that the parties have toward each other and toward the new relations.