By Jacqui True
How are altering gender kinfolk shaping and being formed through post-socialist marketization and liberalization? Do new types of financial and cultural globalization open areas for women's empowerment and feminist politics? The speedy social ameliorations skilled via the folk of the Czech Republic within the wake of the cave in of communism in 1989 have the funds for political scientist Jacqui precise with a chance to respond to those questions via reading political and gendered identities in flux. She argues that the privatization of a previously country economic climate and the adoption of consumer-oriented industry practices have been formed by means of rules and attitudes approximately gender roles.Though finely tuned to the actual, neighborhood traditions that experience outlined the bounds of globalization for Czech women and men, Gender, Globalization, and Postsocialism additionally bargains a provocative common thesis concerning the inextricable linkages among political and financial adjustments and gender identities.
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Additional info for Gender, Globalization, and Postsocialism
I argue that a focus on gender relations between men and women provides a vantage point from which to analyze these micro-macro linkages in political economy, culture, and civil society. A gendered perspective on the postsocialist transitions reveals new sites of power and sources of change at the interstices of local and global structures. In so doing, it overcomes some of the shortcomings of neoliberal, neo-Marxist, and institutionalist perspectives in theorizing the local processes inherent in global change.
No sooner had the walls come down than radical reform programs were designed for making the transition to a market economy. 27 This is the line Klaus took in 1990. According to their prescriptions, market reformers take over the state and implement the reform program (see Murrell 1995). Meanwhile, they keep anti-reform opposition at bay and maintain popular legitimacy for reform. This much happened in the Czechoslovak transition. Foreign capital is then assumed to flow in and the “emerging market” economy is progressively integrated into the world market.
In so doing, feminist scholars have created the category of the victimized “Eastern European woman,” not dissimilar to the “Third World woman” that Chandra Mohanty (1991) has located and criticized in western feminist scholarship ( Jung 1994). They have overlooked women’s agency and the aspect of local negotiation in globalization. Like some contemporary Marxists, feminists have Gender, Globalization, and Postsocialism 25 overestimated the power of global structures—patriarchy and capitalism— at the expense of observing local actors and uncovering emancipatory potentials.