Download Global, Regional and Local Dimensions of Western Sahara’s by Raquel Ojeda-Garcia, Irene Fernández-Molina, Victoria PDF

By Raquel Ojeda-Garcia, Irene Fernández-Molina, Victoria Veguilla

This booklet explores the strains of the passage of time at the protracted and intractable clash of Western Sahara. The authors supply a multilevel research of modern advancements from the worldwide to the neighborhood scenes, together with the cave in of the structure of the UN-led clash answer procedure, the arrival of the conflict on Terror to the the Sahara-Sahel quarter and the influence of the ‘Arab Spring’ and transforming into local defense instability. particular cognizance is dedicated to alterations within the Western Sahara territory annexed by means of Morocco and the Sahrawi refugee camps in Algeria. Morocco has tailored its governance and public rules to profound socio-demographic adjustments within the territory less than its regulate and has tried to acquire overseas reputation for this annexation through offering an Autonomy Plan. The Polisario entrance and Sahrawi nationalists have shifted their method and driven the centre of gravity of the clash again inwards via concentrating on pro-independence activism contained in the disputed territory.

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2 (continued) X Diplomatic interaction/ negotiations, internet and media propaganda, threats of a return to armed struggle Escalation and de-escalation of AlgerianMoroccan tensions, opportunities created by Maghreb-Sahel security instability State/national level 1: State/national level 2: Regional levels Morocco RASD Expectations of Moroccan security cooperation in the War on Terror, post-Arab Spring expectations of political reform and liberalization Global level 18 I. , lobbying, parallel and public diplomacy, propaganda Nonviolent Threats of a resistance, “low return to armed politics” struggle international strategy (human rights and natural resources) “Democratization” of RASD and elections, discourse on gender equality and religious freedom, “low politics” international strategy (human rights and natural resources), parliamentary and judicial strategies, threats of a return to armed struggle Role of RASD/ Polisario Front in regional security Diplomatic X interaction/ negotiations, internet and media propaganda Global level Participation in RASD institutions and elections, responses to RASD governance of camps, protests and dissent, demands of a return to armed struggle Moroccan foreign policy and parallel diplomacy in Sahel Participation by “internal” activists in Polisario General Congress and elections Regional levels State/ national level 2: RASD X Algeria’s material and diplomatic backing for RASD US counterterrorist policies in Sahel, international military interventions in Libya and Mali X Expectations of democratization, prevention of radicalization/ terrorism and accountability about the administration of humanitarian aid INTRODUCTION: TOWARDS A MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF THE WESTERN...

On the other hand, the issue of direct talks between the parties, ostensibly to discuss “post referendum arrangements” (since the Settlement Plan was silent on exactly what would happen after the vote), had been raised many times since the start of the consultations on the plan. The unspoken but real hope of both the UN and the Polisario leadership from the start was that through direct talks the parties would reach an understanding on something between integration and independence. However, such talks never happened after the plan went into effect because the Polisario Front always brought up the issue of independence, while Morocco unfailingly stated that they could only meet to discuss arrangements in the event of integration; the implementation of the plan was the job of the UN.

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