Download Godly Fear or Ungodly Failure? Hebrews 12 and the Sinai by Michael Kibbe PDF

By Michael Kibbe

Hebrews 12:18-29 makes use of either Exodus 19-20 and Deuteronomy 4-5 to explain Israel's apprehensive reaction to God's presence on Mount Sinai/Horeb, whereas showing to contradict their reviews of that reaction. This ebook that the writer of Hebrews is utilizing (but now not abusing) his assets so that it will unpack either the continuity and the discontinuity among Israel's adventure in God's presence and that of his readers.

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2. Israel’s Response at Sinai in Exodus Does Exodus 19 – 20 evaluate Israel’s fearful response to the Sinai theophany positively or negatively? In contrast to Deuteronomy, where we have God’s own evaluation of that response,¹ and Hebrews, where the author labels Israel’s behavior a “rejection” (12:25) of God, Exodus does not answer our question plainly. ² Following a brief discussion of the history of research on the question at hand, I examine Israel’s response at Sinai in four stages. The first section examines the characterization of Moses, God and Israel in Exodus 1– 18, focusing on the development of Moses’ position between God and Israel, and the contrast between God’s insistence upon that arrangement and Moses and Israel’s opposition to the same.

Second, if neither Moses nor Israel seems pleased with the arrangement, we may expect further conflict, and if God seems insistent, we may anticipate eventual resolution. 3. The Purpose of the Sinai Theophany (Exodus 19:9 and 20:20) In the previous section, I suggested that Moses’ role as mediator between God and Israel is one of the central themes of Exodus 1– 18. I noted, however, that this role remained unresolved when Israel arrived at Sinai due to resistance from both Israel and Moses. In what follows I argue that God’s refusal to relate  Sailhamer, Meaning,  – .

Martin R. Hauge, The Descent From the Mountain: Narrative Patterns in Exodus  –  (JSOTSup ; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, ). , . ,  – . , . , . , . 1. 3. John Davies/Jeffrey Niehaus Some scholars suggest that Israel’s response to God’s presence was unfortunate, but inevitable. ²⁰ Both admit, however, that a complete undoing of humanity’s natural fear in the presence of a holy God was never going to happen at Sinai—in the end, terror was the inevitable (and, in hindsight, correct) response.

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