Download Health at Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of by David M. Cutler, David A. Wise PDF

By David M. Cutler, David A. Wise

American citizens live longer—and staying more healthy longer—than ever prior to. regardless of the swift disappearance of pensions and overall healthiness care merits for retirees, older individuals are more fit and higher off than they have been two decades in the past. In future health at Older a while, a special group of economists analyzes the rules of incapacity decline, quantifies this phenomenon in financial phrases, and proposes what could be performed to speed up destiny advancements within the health and wellbeing of our most old populations.            This leap forward quantity argues that academic attainment, excessive socioeconomic prestige, an older retirement age, and obtainable remedy have superior the healthiness and caliber of lifetime of seniors. alongside the way in which, it outlines the commercial advantages of incapacity decline, similar to an elevated expense of seniors within the place of work, reduction for the healthcare approach and care-giving households, and decreased scientific bills for the aged themselves. healthiness at Older a long time may be an important contribution to the controversy approximately assembly the clinical wishes of an getting older state.   

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Read or Download Health at Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of Declining Disability Among the Elderly (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report) PDF

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Additional info for Health at Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of Declining Disability Among the Elderly (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report)

Sample text

By 1940 the figure was 7 percent, and by 1990, 13 percent. By 2050 the figure is projected to rise to at least 20 percent (Costa 1998). If life expectancies increase faster than expected, the percentage of the population older than sixty-four in 2050 will be even greater. Vaupel (1991) has argued that children alive today may live ninety on average, or even one hundred years. What are the consequences of mortality declines for older-age health? Gruenberg (1977) and Verbrugge (1984) have argued that rising longevity may increase both chronic disease and disability rates.

08. Other infectious disease conditions and proxies for infectious disease conditions affected selected heart conditions. Respiratory infections while in the army were statistically significant predictors of murmurs, valvular heart disease, congestive heart failure, irregular heartbeat, and tachycardia. Stomach ailments while in the army increased the probability of arteriosclerosis. Men who had faced the severe malnutrition and harsh disease environment of POW camps were more likely to have valvular heart disease and to exhibit murmurs, irregular pulse, and tachycardia.

Significant at the 5 percent level. ∗ Significant at the 10 percent level. 48 Dora L. Costa higher personal property wealth in 1860 were significantly less likely to have developed congestive heart failure and arrythmias by 1910 and to have experienced memory loss. The illiterate were more likely to have mental problems or memory loss by 1910. Predicting Declines in Chronic Conditions How much of the difference in chronic disease rates between Union Army veterans and men in the late twentieth century is explained by infectious disease prevalence and socioeconomic conditions?

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