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By Julia E. Annas

Hellenistic Philosophy of brain is a sublime survey of Stoic and Epicurean rules in regards to the soul--an advent to 2 historical colleges whose trust within the soul's physicality provide compelling parallels to fashionable ways within the philosophy of brain. Annas comprises contemporary considering on Hellenistic philosophy of brain so lucidly and authoritatively that experts and nonspecialists alike will locate her publication rewarding.In half, the Hellenistic epoch was once a "scientific" interval that broke with culture in ways in which have an affinity with the fashionable shift from the 17th and eighteenth centuries to the current day. Hellenistic philosophy of the soul, Annas argues, is actually a philosophy of brain, particularly within the therapy of such subject matters as belief, idea, and motion.

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Extra info for Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind (Hellenistic Culture and Society, 8)

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On the other hand, they cannot be identified with what is meant on a particular occasion; otherwise they could not change their truth value. [12] In this context what is most important about lekta is that they are what is conveyed in language, and are not to be identified either with the language itself or with the thing or state of affairs referred to: [9] Sext. Emp. Math. 8. 70 (= SVF 2. 187). [10] See Long and Sedley (1987, 33) for passages on lekta . [11] Another reason for thinking of them as propositions is that lekta expressed in statements that have a truth value are said to be the truth bearers, another role for which propositions have been cast.

7. 51 (= SVF 2. 61). [8] D. L. 7. 49 (= SVF 2. 52). ― 76 ― content, which can be articulated in language. We could call this content propositional content, since it is expressed in a proposition or "sayable," a lekton . "[9] A sayable or lektor is what is expressed or meant in an utterance; it is "what is said" when someone uses language, in a broad use of "saying" which covers not only statements but prayers, commands, wishes, and more. (Strictly, this is a complete lekton; there are also incomplete lekta corresponding to parts of utterances, notably predicates, which will be considered in the chapter on action.

91 ― keep the flesh from going off, so that we can eat it. [5] The Stoics' account of human mental life makes a great advance in stressing its rational, language-involving nature. It is a pity that it has a shadow side, of contempt for nonrational animals, which do not use language. The Stoics are at any rate interested in impulse only as regards its role in human action. [6] What then distinguishes a human impulse? We have a useful, though jargon-ridden, summarizing account of impulse in one source: They say that what moves an impulse (horme ) is nothing but an impulsory (hormetike ) appearance of what is then and there appropriate, and that impulse is in general a movement of the soul toward something.

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