Download Humanitarian Intervention and Safety Zones: Iraq, Bosnia and by C. McQueen PDF

By C. McQueen

Neither keen to interact in a significant solution to retailer distinct civilians in Iraq, Bosnia and Rwanda nor stand fullyyt apart as large violations of humanitarian legislations happened, states embraced protection zones as a method to 'do anything' while keeping off being drawn into open warfare.Humanitarian Intervention and security Zones: Iraq, Bosnia and Rwandaexplores why and the way successfully safeguard zones have been carried out with the intention to shield civilians and displace folks in 3 of an important conflicts of the Nineties. It exhibits how states continually sought to reconcile their political and humanitarian curiosity, a procedure which frequently resulted in not easy and ambiguous results, and assesses in attention-grabbing aspect the problems and controversies surrounding using such zones, variously referred to as secure havens, secure components, safe humanitarian parts, andzones humanitaires sures. The publication additionally asks even if such zones may perhaps function precedents for attainable destiny makes an attempt to make sure the security of civilians in complicated humanitarian emergencies.

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Additional info for Humanitarian Intervention and Safety Zones: Iraq, Bosnia and Rwanda

Sample text

It can be characterized by distinctiveness or sameness, and states may possess multiple identities. For example, France has an identity that derives in part from pride in its language, culture and long historical association with human rights. Its identity also reflects its membership in the European Union (EU): it shares the same respect for democracy and civil liberties as other members of the EU do, as codified for example in social charters and human rights documents. 77 In other words, norms help forge a state’s identity, and, in turn, a state’s identity will determine which community interests it holds to be important.

As the death toll climbed to a staggering 1,000 persons a day,11 a process of gradual international humanitarian involvement occurred, culminating in a safe haven approach. 12 Meanwhile France spearheaded the effort to build a consensus among the permanent members of the Security Council that permitted the adoption of resolution 688 on 5 April 1991, which specified that the Council: 1. Condemns the repression of the Iraqi civilian population in many parts of Iraq, including more recently in Kurdish populated areas, the 28 Humanitarian Intervention and Safety Zones consequences of which threaten international peace and security in the region; 2.

As discussed in Chapter 1, these rules have been accorded a generality of standing in international law, meaning that third parties are permitted, but not necessarily required, to become involved when transgressions are taking place. In other words, the fact that violations of humanitarian law have occurred is likely to enhance state tolerance toward intervention. 41 Third, the coalition pursued the safe haven policy in a manner consistent with community interests, thus increasing the legitimacy of the operation, as well as its level of acceptance among states.

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