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By Wibke S. Müller-Forell, N. Pfeiffer, K.. Sartor, E. Boltshauser, S. Kollias, W. Lieb, E. Martin, W.S. Müller-Forell, S. Pitz, U. Schwarz, W. Wichmann

This is among the first books to accommodate imaging of pathology of the whole visible method. it really is divided into elements, normal and precise. within the basic half, an important fundamentals of contemporary imaging tools are mentioned, yet with much less emphasis at the actual heritage than in simply neuro-/radiological textbooks. Chapters are dedicated to the meticulous presentation of imaging anatomy of the orbit and intracranial visible pathway. the most recent wisdom at the indication, process, and result of sensible MR imaging is gifted. visible procedure impairment within the pediatric age workforce can be mentioned. The distinct a part of the booklet offers particular descriptions of the indications and medical and imaging findings in person sufferers with orbital and intracranial pathologies. This booklet is particularly designed to be of worth not just to neuroradiologists but in addition to ophthalmologists, neurosurgeons, oto-/rhino-laryngologists, and neurologists who require extra certain details on those certain diseases.

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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 16:1247–1251 Giacomuzzi SM, Torbica P, Rieger M, Lottersberger C, Peer S, Peer R, Perkmann R, Buchberger W, Bale R, Mallouhi A, Jaschke W (2001) Untersuchungen zur Strahlenexposition bei der Einzelschicht- und Mehrschicht Spiral-CT (eine Phantom-Studie). Fortschr Röntgenstr 173:643–649 Gizewski ER (2001) Epidermoid oder Arachnoidalzyste: CISS, FLAIR und Diffusionsbilder als Ausweg aus dem diagnostischen Dilemma. Fortschr Röntgenstr 173:77–78 Hajnal JV, Doran M, Hall AS, Collins AG, Oatridge A, Pennock JM, Young IR, Bydder GM (1991) MR imaging of anisotropically restricted diffusion of water in the nervous system: technical, anatomic, and pathologic considerations.

A Coronal CT (bone window) at the dorsal opening of the optic canal. 14 c d Fig. a Coronal CT at the level of the optic canal. 13 = pterygopalatine fossa. c Corresponding bone window. 4 = temporal bone 34 W. Wichmann and W. 2 c d Fig. a Coronal CT at the orbital apex. 2 = middle cranial fossa. c Corresponding bone window. 2 c d Fig. a Coronal CT at the midorbital region. 14 = ophthalmic artery. c Corresponding bone window. 1 = anterior cranial fossa 36 W. Wichmann and W. 1 c d Fig. a Coronal CT at the level of the posterior globe.

On the other hand, protons bound to macromolecules would show a fast relaxation by dissipating their energy to the environment and a loss of coherence. The MRI characteristics of tissue are defined by the composition of these components, represented in this paper in a simplified manner. Manipulation of the MRI examination parameters enables us to enhance the differences between the local tissues, resulting in a better inherent contrast. The terms T1weighted (T1w), proton density-weighted (PDw) or T2-weighted (T2w) characterize MRI sequences or images and define the more pronounced biophysical effect of the specific image information.

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