By Euan Graham
This is the 1st significant English-language learn to discover the huge and longstanding connections among Japan’s nationwide protection and the protection of its sea lanes. Tracing concerns from pre-and post-1945 eras, the booklet explores how Japan’s matters with sea lane safety have constructed throughout such different fields as army procedure, international relations, alternate coverage, power protection, and legislation enforcement.
Drawing upon case learn fabric and first learn together with interviews with officers and defense analysts, the booklet provides a chronological research of Japan’s sea lane defense. whereas Japan’s safeguard guidelines have lately passed through quite speedy switch, a old therapy of sea lane protection matters finds long term continuity in defense policymakers’ perceptions and responses concerning Japan's defence and international policy.
Revealing a ignored yet vital element of Japan’s army and fiscal safety, the ebook investigates why officers and analysts proceed to painting the defence of Japan’s sea lanes as ‘a topic of existence and death’.
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Extra resources for Japan's Sea Lane Security: A Matter of Life and Death?
It is widely assumed that for most of the post-war period the US–Japan Alliance has functioned as a ‘prism’, filtering interaction between the systemic pressures and domestic constraints that define the parameters of Japan’s security policy. However, I argue in later chapters that strategic pressures, especially concerning China and North Korea, have led Japanese policymakers latterly to adopt increasingly ‘realist’ – that is systemic, balance of power-based – perceptions of potential security threats within Japan’s regional security environment.
Asia N. America EU/E. Europe Latin America Middle East Oceania Africa Ex-USSR W. 6 — — Source: Adapted from METI/Asahi Shimbun, Japan Almanac 1999, Tokyo: Asahi Shimbunsha, 1998, p. 116. 53 Maritime transportation and Japan Shipping performs the function of a ‘conveyor belt’ for Japan’s economy, drawing in energy, raw materials and food from around the world and distributing manufactured products to overseas markets. 74 per cent of Japan’s total trade volume of over 800 million tons in 1996. Japan’s major ports are clustered around its central Pacific coast and the Inland Sea (seto naikai).
Japan’s success in lessening dependence on the Middle East for petroleum since the oil crises has been reversed, since the late 1980s, although intraregionally the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia each supply roughly onequarter of Japan’s oil. In 1970, 85 per cent of Japan’s crude was sourced from the Middle East, falling to 68 per cent in 1987. 2 per cent) retained their long-held positions as Japan’s largest non-Middle Eastern oil suppliers. 44 Japan has also made efforts to invest in exploration in the Caspian to lessen its dependence on Arabian oil.