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By Chiyuki Aoi

This publication examines the idea that of legitimacy because it can be utilized to provide an explanation for the luck, or failure, of key balance operations because the finish of the chilly struggle. within the luck of balance operations, legitimacy is vital. which will be successful, the intervening strength needs to create a feeling of legitimacy of the challenge one of the quite a few constituencies excited by and eager about the enterprise. those events comprise the folk of the host country, the host executive (whose family members with the local community needs to be legitimate), political elites and most people worldwide—including the intervening events’ personal household constituencies, who will maintain (or now not maintain) the intervention via delivering (or chickening out) aid. This ebook seeks to deliver into shut scrutiny the legitimacy of balance interventions within the post-Cold struggle period, via providing an idea that captures either the multi-faceted nature of legitimacy and the method of legitimation that happens in each one case. Case reviews on Liberia, Bosnia, Somalia, Rwanda, Afghanistan and Iraq clarify how legitimacy concerning the result of those operations. This ebook should be of a lot curiosity to scholars of balance operations, counterinsurgency, peace operations, humanitarian intervention, and IR/security experiences often.

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This ebook examines the concept that of legitimacy because it can be utilized to give an explanation for the good fortune, or failure, of key balance operations because the finish of the chilly warfare. within the luck of balance operations, legitimacy is essential. so one can be successful, the intervening strength needs to create a feeling of legitimacy of the challenge one of the quite a few constituencies curious about and thinking about the enterprise.

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Additional resources for Legitimacy and the Use of Armed Force: Stability Missions in the Post-Cold War Era (Contemporary Security Studies)

Sample text

Nigeria’s national defense policy based upon “the theory of concentric circles”56 provided a suitable basis for ECOMOG’s participation in terms of national interest. Formed in response to security challenges following the civil war of 1967 to 1970, the theory was designed to rationalize use of 32 Liberia the nation’s military resources to meet both external and internal threats and envisaged a three-­level defense perimeter, depending upon the immediacy of the threat. The first perimeter was defense of Nigerian national sovereignty and territorial integrity against aggression, whether instigated internally or externally.

Particularly before the surge, paucity of public support was a factor behind governments’ reluctance to contribute more resources for the Afghan mission, in contradiction to the proclaimed importance of interests in Afghanistan. The public perceives—quite rightly—the two factors of effectiveness and the legitimacy of the Afghan government in view of the local populace to be those that matter most. Yet the fraudulent process of the Afghan presidential election in August 2009 defied the high expectations held toward the legitimation of the government.

Following the successful election in Liberia in 1997, ECOMOG’s venture was much hailed as an exemplar of African conflict resolution, especially given the lack of UN and Western interest in intervening. The ECOMOG case indicated an important shift in the legitimate purposes for which force would be used in post-­Cold War security management. The mission was limited and humanitarian in nature, and the objectives of intervention—such as creating safe havens, maintaining cease-­fires, and preparing conditions for a peace agreement—replaced the traditional purposes of military victory and occupation.

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