Download Mercenaries, Pirates, and Sovereigns by Janice E. Thomson PDF

By Janice E. Thomson

Very accomplished, this booklet is an test by way of the writer to persuade us that the approximately particular rights to violence modern states get pleasure from is a really new inspiration. in addition, he bargains moderate motives as to why the switch occurred.

My in basic terms feedback is that the 1st bankruptcy is a tad bombastic, because the writer basically enjoys utilizing excessive forehead political technological know-how jargon to explain his thesis...nonetheless, once you get into the particular background, you may be hooked.

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Extra resources for Mercenaries, Pirates, and Sovereigns

Sample text

At the other extreme was the Dutch East India Company, which aimed at increasing private wealth through purely commercial operations. In between was the English East India Company, whose goal was to profit private individuals and at the same time to provide revenue to the Crown in its struggle for independence from the parliament. Thus, while it is possible to distinguish the mercantile company from other institutional forms, there was considerable variation among the individual companies both across countries and over time.

Nationality or country of origin was not the primary basis for determining service obligations. The capabilities of officers, the economic or legal desperation of the soldiers, and the economic interests of rulers determined who served and where. State leaders needed military manpower; they were not particularly choosy about where they obtained it. MERCANTILE COMPANIES The East India Company did not seem to be merely a Company formed for the extension of the British commerce, but in reality a delegation of the whole power and sovereignty of this 32 CHAPTER TWO kingdom sent into the East.

Regulated companies were basically merchant guilds whose membership was restricted to professional merchants who paid a membership fee. Membership was not alienable without permission of the guild. Members agreed to comply with the company’s rules and regulations, but their ventures were undertaken at their own risk. In short, the company’s trading privileges were shared with merchants in exchange for a fee, but the merchants bore unlimited liability for their individual enterprises. Examples of regulated companies were the Russia, Turkey, and Eastland companies, which were defunct by the end of the eighteenth century.

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