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The sea covers over 70 percentage of the earth's floor, includes ninety to ninety five percentage of the biosphere's quantity, and helps nearly half the worldwide basic and secondary foodstuff creation. Marine organisms can degrade commercial and concrete wastes and are an enormous reservoir of nutrients, components very important for clinical reasons, renewable strength, fouling and corrosion prevention, biopolymers, construction of biosensors and catalysts, and plenty of different commercial functions. the basic wisdom won from uncomplicated molecular learn on marine organisms may well gasoline interesting new advertisement possibilities and supply financial strength for destiny generations. rapid strength advantages contain superior administration of marine assets equivalent to fisheries, more suitable construction of economically vital species via aquaculture, improvement of priceless techniques and compounds from marine organisms, and new details of worth for mitigating of environmental toxins and for source usage. Human populations are expanding quickly, and coastal ecosystems are being dramatically disrupted through human actions, together with toxins and the depletion of a few commercially vital finfish and shellfish species. there's a feel of urgency approximately decreasing human affects at the ocean and a necessity to appreciate how altered ecosystems and the lack of marine species and biodiversity may impact society.

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Additional resources for Molecular Biology in Marine Science: Scientific Questions, Technological Approaches, and Practical Implications

Sample text

With no understanding of phylogenetic relationships, there can be no effective study of ecology or diversity. Ecological niches cannot be defined in organismal terms, and studies in bacterial diversity amount to no more than a catalog of disconnected vignettes. It is inconceivable that a zoologist or botanist could go into the field and not be able to distinguish the animals from the plants. Yet would-be microbial ecologists were in this exact position or worse all the time: they couldn’t distinguish their “animals” from their “plants” or (with a few exceptions) from representatives of any others of the many kingdomlevel bacterial taxa.

Because zoological and botanical classifications are morphologically based, a strong precedent existed for putting bacterial classification on a similar footing—despite the fact that microbiologists intuitively knew that bacteria are as fundamentally physiological as animals and plants are morphological. On what levels, to what extent, in what ways, then, are the morphological and various physiological properties of bacteria taxonomically significant? In the following, we see Kluyver and van Niel worry the problem (Kluyver and van Niel, 1936, pp.

Quax Department of Pharmaceutical Biology University of Groningen Groningen 9713AV The Netherlands Andreas Pommerening-Röser Institut für Allgemeine Botanik Abteilung Mikrobiologie Universität Hamburg D-22069 Hamburg Germany Erika Teresa Quintana School of Biology Universtiy of Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU UK Michel R. Popoff Unité des Toxines Microbiennes Institut Pasteur 75724 Paris France Anton F. N. Rai Biochemistry Department North-Eastern Hill University Shillong 793022 India David Prangishvili Department of Mikrobiology Universitity of Regensburg D-93053 Regensburg Germany Fred A.

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