By Lucky E. Asuelime, Raquel A. Adekoye
This publication investigates drivers and tendencies in nuclear proliferation within the international South. in response to an in-depth research of South Africa’s nuclear historical past, it examines common explanations of proliferation, equivalent to technical services and constraints; a country’s motivation to construct a nuclear bomb; and specific household and overseas occasions. It additionally highlights Britain’s position within the improvement of technological strength in South Africa and explains how nuclear guns effect diplomacy. ultimately, the examine bargains potent ideas to the matter of nuclear proliferation in constructing countries.
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Extra info for Nuclear Proliferation in South Africa: History and Politics
Geyser, O. (1983). Watershed for South Africa, London 1961. Pretoria: Butterworths. Gould, C. (2006). South Africa’s chemical and biological warfare programme 1981–1995. Unpublished PhD thesis, Rhodes University, South Africa. Gowing, M. (1974). Independence and deterrence: Britain and atomic energy, 1945–52. London: Macmillan. Groom, A. J. R. (1974). British thinking about nuclear weapons. London: Frances Pinter. , & Liberman, P. (2004). Unveiling South Africa’s nuclear past. Journal of Southern African Studies, 30(3), 463.
Finally, although this study benefits from Polakow-Suransky’s work to some extent, the book touched on general Israeli–South African military relations and did not provide extensive detail on nuclear arsenal development nor did it bring to the fore any British dimension in the alleged collaboration between the two countries. Describing South Africa’s nuclear technological capability in 1979, Betts stresses the diplomatic potential that a nuclear weapons program could have for the country. By 1979, South Africa’s strategic position had weakened, and it was subjected to increasing external pressure to reform apartheid and adhere to the NPT.
The Politics of Nuclear Proliferation written by Quester (1973) is recognized as one of the most important studies on the motivational aspects of nuclear proliferation. Questioning the reasons why some countries had not ratified the nuclear Nonproliferation 36 4 Drivers of Nuclear Proliferation: A Review Treaty,1 Quester (1973) discusses a number of incentives for pursuing the nuclear option. These are summarized under three general headings: military, political, and economic. First, in terms of military security, nonnuclear weapon states would consider the nuclear option to deter (1) nuclear attack, (2) conventional attack, or (3) the acquisition of nuclear weapons by unfriendly neighbors.