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By Jrgen R. Grote, Achim Lang, Volker Schneider

A publication at the course established and direction developing constructions and attitudes of commercial curiosity institutions in a global of Europeanization and internationalization of markets.

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Cooperation and information exchange furthermore facilitate the transmission of successful strategies of business associations and can thus be seen as mechanisms of cultural transmission that alter the pace of the evolutionary process. In particular, better-adapted and more successful organizational properties tend to diffuse faster within cooperative populations. The fact that the interaction structure mediates selection pressure has been conceptualized by complex adaptive systems theory and by recent accounts in organizational ecology.

Within-population dynamics also have major impacts on the composition of trade association populations. Density affects the merger and disbanding rate. , 1994). Gray and Lowery (1996, 1997) found that interest groups act in welldefined niches that are made up of attributive and resource dimensions specifying the environmental factors that bear on the interest group’s survival. Niche overlap between several associations or populations leads basically to a partitioning of that niche. Gray and Lowery emphasize that this may be achieved by two mechanisms.

In his perspective the most elementary description of a system is the identification of its various components C, its differentiation and embeddedness in an environment E, and multiple structures including various relations among components (endostructure) and between components and their environment (exostructure) S. However, a description of a system based on components, environment, and structures would still be incomplete if the various mechanisms M and processes that make a system ‘tick’ are not singled out.

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