By Peter Oakes
This examine explains Philippians (the apostle Paul's letter) by means of puzzling over the lives of the Philippians (the those that obtained the letter). it's specified in utilizing archaeology and literary facts to construct an in depth photograph of the kinds of individuals more likely to were in Philippi and within the Christian neighborhood there. This entire new rationalization of Philippians as a letter written to name the Christians to harmony less than financial soreness, explains the letter (especially 2.6-11) within the in particular Roman environment of Philippi that features a comparability of Christ with the Roman Emperor.
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Extra resources for Philippians: From People to Letter (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)
We might have expected a noticeable group of Greek elite land owners to maintain a high position in the town. The general R o m a n strategy in the Greek East involved bolstering local elites and using them as a vehicle for g o v e r n m e n t . A number of the native elite were sometimes incorporated into the body of R o m a n citizens at a colony's f o u n d a t i o n . However, in Philippi there is no evidence of the persistence of any town-based Greek elite. (The kind of evidence would be effects on some epigraphy and maybe some tendency towards Hellenisation in the elite as a whole - as happened at Corinth, for e x a m p l e .
Jones, 'Colonus', Oxford Classical Dictionary, ed. N . G. L. Hammond and H. H. Scullard (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970 ), p. 266. I will use the term 'colonist' to refer either to the colonial settlers or to citizens of the colony. Roman Provincial Coinage, Vol I (44 B C - A D 6 9 ) , Pts. I and II, ed. A. M. Burnett, M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (London: British Museum Press, 1992), no. 1646: Antony/Q Paquius Ruf(us) C D LEG, man ploughing; no. 1648: A I C V P/Q Paq. Ruf, plough; nos. 1 6 5 6 - 6 0 (probably Philippi): Augustus, Tiberius, Drusus or Claudius/two priests ploughing.
This points to the land having belonged to Greek commuting farmers and elite landowners living in the town. Their land within the centuriated area was probably simply expropriated. Salmon com ments that, during the civil war, 7 4 75 [Colonization took on the aspect of pragmatic improvisa tion and vindictiveness that it had worn under Sulla . . To strengthen their position, the Triumvirs enriched their supporters, took vengeance on their enemies, and victimised the innocent. They were completely ruthless in their methods of procuring the land they needed for their ventures, callously seizing it wherever it seemed suitable.