By Volker Franke
Franke examines the level to which army socialization on the U.S. army Academy prepares cadets cognitively for transferring missions. Assessing the dynamic dating among id, values, and attitudes, he exhibits the significance of people' identity with social teams for his or her behavioral offerings.
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Extra resources for Preparing for Peace: Military Identity, Value Orientations, and Professional Military Education
It's 1500 now, Sergeant. S. Military Academy at West Point routinely encounter scenarios like this as part of their field training to learn about making ethical decisions in combat. Unfortunately, situations like these are not merely hypothetical exercises, as the case of Col. Geva, an Israeli armored-brigade commander during the war in Lebanon, illustrates: Geva's brigade had been the spearhead of the Israeli forces during their advance toward Beirut. . Some 10 days after the initial movement into Lebanon it became clear that a significant portion of the PLO had retreated back to Beirut, taking up positions in preselected sites throughout the densely populated Moslem sectors.
Conceptualizes identity both as a dependent and an independent variable). 2 depicts identity as part of the dynamic network of central life interests. The underlying assumption is that identity (as represented by ingroup [I u , Ii2, . . , I J and outgroup subidentities [Iol, Io2, . . , Iok]), terminal (Vtl, Vt2, . . , Vtk) and instrumental values (Vu, Vi2, . . , Vik), attitudes (A1? A2, . . , Ak), and behaviors (B1? B2, . . , Bk) are interdependent. They simultaneously shape and are shaped by the individual's self-conception.
People tend to avoid behaving in ways that clash with an identity or value that is central to their self-conception. Furthermore, they will seek confirmation first for those identities and values that are most central to the core of their self-conception. Dubin (1992) described those identities, values, beliefs, and attitudes that shape individuals' selfconceptions as "central life interests," that is, "the set of activities about which each of us says: T h a t is who I am,' and then invests all energies in realizing that T" (p.