By Malcolm A. Kelland
Production chemistry matters outcome from adjustments in good circulation fluids, either liquid and gaseous, in the course of processing. considering the fact that crude oil creation is characterised by way of variable construction charges and unpredictable alterations to the character of the produced fluids, it's crucial for creation chemists to have various chemical ingredients on hand for rectifying concerns that will now not rather be totally resolved. smooth creation tools, the necessity to improve crude oils of variable caliber, and environmental constraints call for chemical ideas. hence, oilfield construction chemical substances are essential to triumph over or reduce the consequences of the creation chemistry problems.
Production chemical compounds for the Oil and gasoline undefined, moment Edition discusses a large choice of creation chemical substances utilized by the oil and fuel for down-hole and topside purposes either onshore and offshore. Incorporating the big quantity of study and purposes because the first variation, this re-creation reports all previous and current periods of creation chemical compounds, delivering a number of difficult-to-obtain references, in particular SPE papers and patents. in contrast to different texts that target how items practice within the box, this ebook makes a speciality of the explicit buildings of chemical substances which are identified to bring the mandatory or wanted performance—information that's very precious for examine and development.
Each up to date bankruptcy starts off by means of introducing an issue, corresponding to scale or corrosion, for which there's a creation chemical. the writer then in brief discusses all chemical and nonchemical tips on how to deal with the matter and gives in-depth descriptions of the structural sessions of appropriate construction chemical compounds. He additionally mentions, whilst to be had, the environmental homes of chemical substances and no matter if the chemical or process has been effectively utilized in the sector. This version contains new chapters and approximately 50 percentage extra references.
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Extra info for Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry, Second Edition
J. Daulton, A. K. Jordan, J. Cobb, and T. G. Grumbles, “Quantitative Rankings Measure Oilfield Chemicals’ Environmental Impacts,” SPE 135517 ATC 2010 (SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 19–22 September 2010). Introduction and Environmental Issues 21 65. B. Nowack, “Environmental Chemistry of Phosphonates,” Water Research 37 (2003): 2533. 66. G. Payne, I. Still, and N. Robinson, “The Development of the EOSCA Generic Exposure Scenario Tool (EGEST)—Why We Need It? The Development of a Method to Conduct a Generic Exposure Scenario for Offshore Chemical Use to Enable REACH Registration” (paper presented at the RSC Chemicals in the Oil Industry XI, Manchester, UK, 2–4 November 2009).
Liang, and G. P. S. Patent Application 20100056399. 58. N. J. Goodwin, O. G. Svela, J. H. Olsen, T. Tjomsland, B. M. Hustad, and G. M. Graham, “Qualification Procedure for Continuous Injection of Chemicals in the Well—Method Development,” SPE 154934 (paper presented at the SPE International Conference on Oilfield Scale, Aberdeen, UK, 30–31 May 2012). 59. B. M. Hustad, O. G. Svela, J. H. Olsen, K. Ramstad, and T. Tjomsland, “Downhole Chemical Injection Lines—Why Do They Fail? Experiences, Challenges and Application of New Test Methods,” SPE 154967 (paper presented at the SPE International Conference on Oilfield Scale, Aberdeen, UK, 30–31 May 2012).
Henriquez, “Proposed Guidance on the Assessment of Polymers under the OSPAR HMCS” (Chemistry in the Oil Industry XIII: Oilfield Chemistry—New Frontiers’, Manchester Conference Centre, UK, 5–6 November 2013). 1 INTRODUCTION This chapter discusses chemical methods to control water and gas production. Some of these techniques can be used to shut off either water or gas. 187 As oilfields mature, they produce increasing quantities of water. Handling such large volumes of water is an expensive business and can even cause bottlenecking at the surface processing facilities.