By Michael H. Weisman
Rheumatoid arthritis is a typical yet frequently debilitating sickness. Given the complex and tough nature of treating rheumatoid arthritis, it really is primary to teach physicians at the disease's preliminary indicators and issues, in addition to to supply actual and up to date information about powerful therapy. Designed to aid get rid of misconceptions pertaining to rheumatoid arthritis and its therapy, this concise quantity is helping clinicians to appreciate after which successfully diagnose and deal with sufferers with the situation. a part of the Oxford American Rheumatology Library, this concise advisor serves as a realistic, simple reference for rheumatologists and different healthcare execs. The publication presents an summary of rheumatoid arthritis, together with its epidemiology, signs, symptoms, and pathophysiology. utilizing the most up-tp-date info to be had, the writer evaluates either conventional and leading edge remedy equipment. a radical word list defines key words and the appendix contains comparable source details - institutions, journals and doctors/researchers - all dedicated to the learn and remedy of rheumatoid arthritis.
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Extra resources for Rheumatoid Arthritis
34 In another example, Zhernakova et al. studied 350 patients with juvenile-onset T1D, 1,047 RA patients, and 929 controls to determine whether RA and T1D share a common risk locus. 35 The PTPN22 gene36 and the HLA class III genes37 have also been implicated as genetic risk factors implicated in the co-occurrence of RA and T1D. Liao et al. demonstrated that, among T1D patients, the risk of developing RA may be partially attributable to the presence of the 620W PTPN22 allele. 36 The SE of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) associated with the alleles within the HLA-DRB1 gene have long been implicated in the pathogenesis of RA.
IFN = interferon; IL = interleukin Reprinted from The American Journal of Medicine, Vol 121, Libby P, Role of inﬂammation in atherosclerosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis, S21-S31, 2008, with permission from Elsevier. Comorbidities and Rheumatoid Arthritis CHAPTER 6 35 same study, patients with RA without clinical evidence of atherosclerosis were compared to RA patients with documented carotid plaques. 11 Roman et al. measured the levels of carotid plaque in 98 RA patients and matched controls and found that RA patients had a three-fold increase in carotid atherosclerotic plaque (44% vs.
Klareskog L, Padyukov L, Alfredsson L. Smoking as a trigger for inﬂammatory rheumatic diseases. Curr Opin Rheumatol 2007;19(1):49–54. 13. Stolt P, Bengtsson C, Nordmark B, et al. Quantiﬁcation of the inﬂuence of cigarette smoking on rheumatoid arthritis: Results from a population based casecontrol study, using incident cases. Ann Rheum Dis 2003;62(9):835–841. 14. Hart JE, Laden F, Puett RC, et al. Exposure to trafﬁc pollution and increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Environ Health Perspect 2009;117(7):1065–1069.