Download 'Rice Plus': Widows and Economic Survival in Rural Cambodia by Susan H. Lee PDF

By Susan H. Lee

This publication explores the commercial coping practices of rural widows within the aftermath of the Cambodian civil conflict. warfare produces a preponderance of widows, frequently younger widows with babies of their care. Rural widows needs to feed their households and train their teenagers regardless of rural poverty and the inability of possibilities for ladies. The economics of widowhood is for this reason an important social challenge in much less built nations. The widows' essential monetary plan used to be to mix rice cultivation with an collection of microenterprises, a 'rice plus' procedure. Many widows have been not able to develop sufficient rice on their land to feed their households. They stuffed the starvation hole via elevating funds via microenterprises to buy extra rice. Gender paintings roles have been either permeable and chronic, permitting a versatile sexual department of work within the brief run yet preserving conventional roles ultimately. so much widows referred to as on kin or exchanged transplanting exertions for male plowing providers, even though a number of girls took up the plow themselves. The learn additionally explores widows' entry to key fiscal assets reminiscent of land, credits, and schooling. conflict decimated widows' relatives help networks, together with the lack of young ones, their social defense. The examine concludes that Cambodia's gender association provided many monetary techniques to widows but in addition devalued their exertions in a cultural constitution of inequality. Gender, poverty, and warfare interacted to minimize widows' monetary assets, accounting for his or her financial vulnerability.

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Extra resources for 'Rice Plus': Widows and Economic Survival in Rural Cambodia (New Approaches in Sociology)

Sample text

One notes, “A father is worth a thousand friends and a mother worth a thousand fathers” (Ebihara 1968:118). Older children in the family help their parents to raise the younger children and frequently become the primary caretaker of infants and toddlers. Younger siblings give their older brothers and sisters respect and deference as if to a parent. Khmer culture encourages affection and loyalty among siblings, and serious disagreements among family members are thought to be punished by watchful ancestral spirits.

Luke’s Church met me in Cambodia during a visit to her family and interpreted for me in Kompong Chhnang province, about two hours north of Phnom Penh. We interviewed four women in her home village in the Rolea B’ier district. She also took me to a nearby village where she had some relatives and we interviewed six more women there. indd 19 1/17/2006 2:46:12 PM 20 “Rice Plus” and her relatives. We stayed in the provincial capital of Kompong Chhnang with some of her more affluent town relatives and traveled to the villages daily by car or motodup, a trip of about one hour.

Many Cambodian families suffered similar devastating losses of spouses, children, parents, extended family, and lifelong neighbors under the cruelty and mismanagement of the Khmer Rouge. Khmer Rouge domination of Cambodia came to an end in January 1979, when Vietnamese forces captured Phnom Penh after a one-month offensive. A flood of refugees escaped across Cambodia towards Thailand. Several camps were established on the Thai side of the border to accommodate them, most notably Khao-I-Dang, a camp run by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

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