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By M. Jasinski

Demanding situations the democratic peace and diversionary struggle theories via emphasizing the significance of social belief, its foundation as a spinoff of powerful governance exercised via powerful states, and impact on overseas clash.

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Social trust therefore is even more basic for the construction of groups than even a sense of moral obligation. Even though it involves risk and doubt, generalized social trust is indispensable in social relationships, where it allows social interactions to proceed with confidence (Lewis and Weigert 1985) where, in the absence of such trust, the interactions would not proceed to the detriment of all concerned. Such interactions are possible because generalized trust implies the existence of a generalized reciprocity norm, or the expectation that one’s deeds will not necessarily be reciprocated at the time they are performed, but rather at some unspecified future (Putnam 2000), and the expectation of future reciprocity therefore creates an interest in the welfare of one’s interaction partners.

Such trust molded by experience of interaction with that particular actor (Hardin 1996) rather than by the natural predisposition of the individual in question to place his or her in others. Thus, whereas strategic, or encapsulated/particularized, trust is built on the foundation of available information and evidence by which to judge other individuals, moralistic trust is based on normative statements and beliefs concerning how people should, and will, behave (Uslaner 2002), even in the absence of concrete evidence that would lead the “truster” to believe that such behavior is to be expected.

1999) and Cederman (2001) that democratic peace benefits accrue only to stable, long-lasting, and well consolidated democratic regimes, and the findings that less stable partially free states are more war-prone than both autocracies and democracies (Chan 1997; Davies 2002; Mansfield and Snyder 2002) similarly raise the importance of Democratic Peace and Diversionary War ● 27 state strength as a contributing factor to international peace. An even more direct approach to the problem of state weakness as a cause of conflict is represented by Holsti (1995).

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