By The British Tunnelling Society
"The BTS Specification for Tunnelling has develop into the traditional rfile for tunnelling contracts, and types the root of tunnelling standards for tasks in the course of the global. The specification has been revised during this 3rd variation to mirror present top perform and to take account of the various advances within the box of tunnelling that have happened over the past decade. insurance of sprayed concrete has been multiplied in reputation of its elevated utilization world wide and there are new sections on sprayed utilized water-resistant membranes and jacked field tunnelling. All references to codes, criteria and different layout files were comprehensively up-to-date. Drafted via knowledgeable editorial committee with greater than 250 years adventure within the tunnelling among them, Specification for Tunnelling, third version will stay the de facto average reference paintings for tunnelling within the united kingdom and remainder of the world."--Publisher's description. Read more...
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Extra resources for Specification for tunnelling
Within 24 hours of the incident, the front locomotive, the amenity coach, the front rake and most of the rear rake had been driven out from the UK portal, round the terminal loop, and back to France. The severe damage to the tunnel lining was deemed to be dangerous, and so loose material was removed. 1 shows the ﬁre damage to the tunnel around one of the piston relief ducts. The undamaged rolling stock (with the exception of the amenity coach) was quickly cleaned and put back ready for service, and undamaged HGVs were returned to their owners.
EUR Report, March 2001, pp. 15–18. it (accessed 22 June 2011). Marlair G, Le Coze JC, Woon-Hyung K and Galea ER (2004) Human behavior as a key factor in tunnel ﬁre safety issues. In: Kim ES, Kim JD, Park YH, Dlugogorski BZ, Kennedy EM and Hasemi Y (eds), Proceedings of the 6th Asia–Oceania Symposium on Fire Science & Technology, 17–20 March 2004. 21 Copyright © ICE Publishing, all rights reserved. A history of fire incidents in tunnels Marlair G, Le Coze JC and Kim WH (2006) The Daegu metro ﬁre: a review of technical and organisational issues.
Ten passengers were admitted to hospital, and one subsequently died (Semmens, 1994). Holland Tunnel, New York, USA, 1949 On 13 May 1949, a ﬁre started as a result of a HGV shedding its load. The ﬁre burned for 4 hours, destroying ten HGVs and 13 cars. Sixty-six people were injured (Amunsen, 2000; Le Sapeur Pompier, 2001). London Underground railway/metro, UK, 1945 On 31 December 1945, three people died as the result of a collision and ﬁre (Le Sapeur Pompier, 2001). Torre Tunnel, Spain, 1944 On 3 January 1944, a multi-train collision in a tunnel led to a ﬁre that lasted for at least a day.