By M. Deeb
This research demonstrates that Syria's function within the center East has been, considering the fact that 1974, an unabated terrorist battle opposed to all makes an attempt to solve peacefully the Arab-Israeli clash. Marius Deeb presents proof that Syria's function in Lebanon, in view that 1975, has been to perpetuate the clash one of the numerous Lebanese groups on the way to preserve its domination of Lebanon
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Extra resources for Syria's Terrorist War on Lebanon and the Peace Process
Edde added that prior to the entry of Syrian troops President Asad’s armed agents had “plundered . . ”83 As Asad’s military power on the ground became stronger he was willing to reconcile with Egypt. 84 The meeting held in June 23–25, 1976, was attended by the prime ministers of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Egypt, and Syria. Asad was bargaining his reconciliation with Egypt, and for an acceptance by the major Arab powers such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia of Syria’s hegemony over Lebanon, and ipso facto over the PLO as well.
Asad knew very well that the Arab states could not act collectively. Whatever concessions they would be demanding from Syria such as the replacement of Syrian troops by the token Arab security force would not put an end to the conflict in Lebanon as he was capable of fomenting trouble and thus creating the need for Syrian troops. With his shrewd assessment of the situation, Asad was willing to make minor concessions without losing his dominant position in Lebanon. An illustration of this dominant Syrian position was the way the secretary general of the Arab League, Mahmud Riyad, interpreted the Arab foreign ministers decrees of June 9–10, 1976.
28 ● Syria’s Terrorist War on Lebanon and the Peace Process Asad’s Last Battle to Dominate Lebanon and Control the PLO Meanwhile, Syria waited for Sarkis to assume power on September 23, 1976, and then launched a military offensive in Mount Lebanon and Jizzin. Syria opted for a military offensive because it felt politically stronger with Sarkis in power, whose legitimacy was accepted by most Lebanese factions as well as by all Arab countries and major foreign powers. ”114 Saudi Arabia and other major Arab states, including Egypt and Iraq, strongly disapproved of Syria’s resort to military force in Lebanon.