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By H. Solomon

Conventional counter-terrorism ways, with their emphasis at the army, are failing. this can be visible within the incontrovertible fact that there's a regular of 3 terrorist assaults in line with day in Africa. This research demands extra holistic recommendations, with an emphasis on improvement and higher governance to minimize the scourge of terrorism.

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Additional resources for Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Africa: Fighting Insurgency from Al Shabaab, Ansar Dine and Boko Haram

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While many are involved in useful social welfare activities, providing schools and clinics to the poor, they can also contribute to political tensions by proselytising a radical Islamism that can undermine security in a given African state by exacerbating tensions between Muslims, Christians and Animists, and between Wahhabi and Sufi-inclined Muslims. Salih, for instance, powerfully argues that ‘some Muslim NGOs have been used as a vehicle for spreading political Islam at an accelerated rate combining faith and material rewards among the disenfranchised Muslim poor .

Political Islamists regard the foundation of the Islamic state as the sine qua non for the attainment of a complete Muslim life. The key ideological components of the political Islamists programme are: taking the Qur’an as the source of political, legal and social systems; and claiming to return to the example of the Prophet Muhammed. Unlike Sufi Islam which is more inward-looking, attempting to purify the soul of the individual believer, Islamists seek to capture political power to dogmatically enforce the central tenets of their faith on those living under their rule.

39 40 Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Africa However, the Al Shabaab attack on the Westgate Shopping Mall in Nairobi, Kenya, in September 2013, which resulted in militants killing 67 people and wounding more than 200 others,10 suggests that Al Shabaab may be adapting to, and/or adopting, new tactics in light of the superior conventional forces of AMISOM. The dominant narrative suggests a more aggressive counter-terrorism response is needed: in other words more of the same just with more troops, more helicopters, more drone strikes and the like.

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