By J L Magnes Professor of the Bible Emanuel Tov
Thirty-three revised and up to date essays at the textual feedback of the Hebrew Bible, Qumran and the Septuagint, initially released among 2008 and 2014 are offered during this quantity, the 3rd quantity of the author’s accumulated writings. All 3 components have built a lot in glossy learn, and the auhor, the earlier editor-in-chief of the foreign useless Sea Scrolls booklet undertaking, is a tremendous speaker in them all. The scrolls are of principal significance within the glossy textual study and this element is definitely represented during this quantity. one of the reports incorporated during this quantity are valuable reviews on accident, consistency, the Torah, the character of the MT and SP, the diffusion of manuscripts, and the LXX of Genesis.
The past volumes are:
The Greek and Hebrew Bible: amassed Essays at the Septuagint (VTS seventy two; Leiden: Brill, 1999).
Hebrew Bible, Greek Bible, and Qumran: gathered Essays (TSAJ 121; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008).
Read or Download Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, Septuagint: Collected Essays, Volume 3 PDF
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Additional info for Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, Septuagint: Collected Essays, Volume 3
In addition, some of the Hebrew Qumran compositions likewise resemble the rewriting in the lxx books, even more so than the sp group. The best preserved rewritten Bible texts34 from Qumran are 11qta cols. 35 These parallels strengthen our aforementioned assertions relating to the rewriting in some lxx books and reversely the lxx helps us in clarifying the canonical status of the Qumran compositions. The main feature these compositions and the sp group have in common with the reconstructed sources of the lxx translations relates to the interaction between the presumably original Scripture text and exegetical additions.
9 These non-Masoretic text forms are the focus of our study. In some books, mt differs much from the lxx and the sp. These two sources are ancient and modern at the same time. They were created in antiquity, but are still authoritative in modern times. The sp is the Holy Writ of the Samaritan community. The lxx remains the Holy Writ of the Eastern Orthodox Church; while it was authoritative for the whole of Christianity for a long period, it was replaced in the Western Church by the Vulgate. The so-called Apocrypha of the lxx, including such books as Baruch and 1–2Maccabees, are still part of the Holy Scriptures of the Roman Catholics today, though named deutero-canonical (see further chapter 30 in the present volume).
In the meantime, Christianity had been born, and early Christians used the Greek lxx, which was originally a Jewish translation but had subsequently been adopted by Christianity. Greek-speaking Jews no longer used the lxx, focusing instead on its more recent Jewish revisions. The Samaritans, another group that had split off from Judaism probably in the third century bce, turned to their own Torah, which was based on a text that had been used previously in Judaism. The practical result of these developments was a division of texts among the religious communities after the destruction of the Temple.