By Vitali Silitski, Jan Zaprudnik
The political map of jap Europe replaced dramatically in December 1991 while the leaders of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine huddled jointly in a Bielavieza woodland retreat and determined to dissolve the 15 union republics, which composed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). a type of republics was once the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR). A United international locations member on account that 1945, Belarus has a wealthy cultural history that's visible as a promising base for the improvement of a great nationwide identification and for actual independence. it really is this cultural historical past and feel of historical past that nourish the continuing efforts of the nationalist minority, in addition to the bigger democratic competition, to withstand the regime of President Alaksandr Luka?enka who's bent on restoring ties to Russia. hence Belarus, with its burdens of the prior and capability for the longer term, unearths itself in a fight that would have an effect on not just its personal future, but in addition the foreign constitution of Eastern...
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Additional resources for The A to Z of Belarus
29 September: “The Chernobyl Path” demonstration is held in Minsk for the first time. 1990 26 January: Adoption by the Supreme Council of the BSSR of the “Law about the Languages of the BSSR,” making Belarusian the only official language of the Republic. 4 March: Elections are held to the Supreme Council of the BSSR where, favored by the electoral law, Communists gain 84 percent of seats. 15 March: The abrogation of the Sixth Article of the Soviet Constitution which had guaranteed the Communists monopoly of power.
1696 By a decision of the Warsaw General Confederation, the Rusan (Old Belarusian) language is replaced by Polish in official documents of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. 1708 Occupation of the city of Mahiloŭ, by the Swedes. Defeat of the Swedes by the Russians near the Belarusian village of Lasnaja. 1772 First partition of the Commonwealth among Russia, Prussia, and Austria. Eastern part of Belarus is incorporated into the Russian Empire. 1791 The Constitution of 3 May merges the Polish Crown and Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a unitary state.
28 April: The Constitutional Court is elected. 10 July: Alaksandr Łukašenka is elected the first president of the Republic of Belarus for a five-year term. 8 September: Riot police units for the first time confront nationalist protesters in Minsk celebrating the anniversary of the battle of Orša, marking the beginning of Łukašenka’s confrontations with the nationally minded opposition. October: The Belarusian ruble becomes the only national currency. The exchange rate collapses due to continuing monetary emission; Łukašenka reacts by ordering price controls.