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By Paul Laity

This is often the 1st certain scholarly research of the past due Victorian and Edwardian peace circulate, the campaigns of which made an important influence on political debate, in particular through the Franco-Prussian warfare (1870-1), the Bulgarian Atrocities crusade (1876-8), Britain's clash in Egypt (1882), the South African battle (1899-1902), and the intensifying foreign hindrance prior to 1914. mong the 1st to learn from the outlet of the Peace Society Archive, the ebook specializes in the really good institutions on the center of the peace circulate. Paul Laity identifies the lifestyles of alternative programmes for the fulfillment of a simply, everlasting peace, and gives a brand new interpretation of the response of peace campaigners to battle in 1914. while, his booklet makes a big and unique contribution to the background of renowned politics and political principles in Britain.

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The basis of this strategy was defensive—the need to prevent a potentially hostile power controlling the northern coast of Europe. But when justifying the treaty in the House of Commons, Gladstone did not emphasize national interest or assert the need for a forward defence of the homeland. Instead, he appealed to the moralism of progressives by raising the possibility of a British crusade to counter an invasion of Belgium: Britain would stand by the Belgians ‘on no selfish grounds’ but to protect ‘public right and public law in Europe’.

Martin Ceadel, ‘Sir William Randal Cremer’, in Karl Holl and Anne C. ), The Nobel Prize and the Laureates (Frankfurt, ), . 47 HP, Feb. , ; John F. , ), –; MB,  Aug. ; HP, Nov. , ; MB,  Nov. . 45 46 ‒  pressure groups which shared financial backers and Parliamentary activists (the Liberation Society, for example, called for disestablishment; the United Kingdom Alliance for temperance). These organizations were ostensibly non-party-political but in practice embraced Gladstonian Liberalism.

Howard Evans, a key member of the Committee, attempted to win over those Radical newspapers which had criticized London’s working men for being ‘too busy with foreign politics’: merely from an English point of view this war is pregnant with consequences so disastrous to the working classes that the truck system sinks into utter insignificance when placed in comparison. A European war means to us privation, dear bread, loss of work—a war in which England shall be engaged means still greater evils.

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